The Briefing Note Series aims to provide at-a-glance information of key ICTD issues for policymakers, and facilitate their understanding of the potential of ICT when formulating national development policies and programmes.The most recent Briefing Note focuses on policy considerations drawn from the "ICT for Disaster Risk Management" Academy module.
disaster risk management
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have tremendous potential in disaster risk reduction due to their ability to facilitate the rapid flow of information instantly and continuously, in real-time. The use of ICTs in all phases of the disaster risk management cycle presents substantial opportunities to reduce disaster risks, enhance resilience, and facilitate inclusive preparedness and response.
Webinar on Digital Technologies for Disaster Risk Management (Virtual Launch of APCICT Academy Module on ICT for Disaster Risk Management)
APCICT organized a webinar on “Digital Technologies for Disaster Risk Management” (Virtual Launch of APCICT Academy Module on ICT for Disaster Risk Management) on Thursday, 27 August 2020, 1:30 PM (Bangkok time), 3:30 PM (Korea time).
The virtual launch of the APCICT Academy module on “ICT for Disaster Risk Management” introduced the newly developed contents by Dr. Cees Van Westen and Dr. Manzul Kumar Hazarika. It also provided an overview of how ICTs can be used for disaster risk management.
Performance Evaluation of Multi-Hop Communication Based on a Mobile Multi-Robot System in a Subterranean Laneway
For disaster exploration and surveillance application, this paper aims to present a novel application of a multi-robot agent based on WSN and to evaluate multi-hop communications supported by robotics used in subterranean tunnel. The paper proposes a Primary-Scout Multi-Robot System (PSMRS) and reports on the implementation of a chain topology in a subterranean environment using a trimmed ZigBee2006 protocol stack to build the multi-hop communication network.
In this paper, interest is in the rapid detection of disaster events such as tsunami, tornadoes, forest fires, and earthquakes. The detection system of disaster events is described and the way to detect a target event from Twitter data is also shown in this paper. The research examines three disasters during the same time period and compares Twitter activity and Internet news on Google. A significant result from this research is that emergency detection could begin using the microblogging service.
A Civilian Reporting Service to Guide Converging Resources for Search and Rescue in Disaster Response
This paper proposes a geo spatial information repository for initial condition reporting and updating to guide search and rescue operations and deployment of equipment with safety considerations for the rescuers in large scale disaster response scenarios.
Climate change presents two types of disaster threat in developing countries. One is the potentially devastating impact on vulnerable communities of more frequent and more intense extreme weather events. This contributes to the second threat, the compounding of what are already complex development problems leading to a potential downward development spiral for the world’s poor. Effective disaster response demands rapid access to reliable and accurate data and the capacity to assess, analyse and integrate information from varied sources. ICTs can contribute to improve this.
This module provides government officials and policymakers with an overview of disaster risk management (DRM) and presents an approach for identifying information needs in DRM. It then matches the needs with ICT. The module also describes and provides examples of existing ICT applications for DRM and discusses benefits and barriers for utilizing ICT in DRM.
UN-APCICT strengthens capacity of the Government of the Kingdom of Bhutan on using social media for development and governance
On 14-17 April 2015, the Government of the Kingdom of Bhutan and UN-APCICT/ESCAP are co-organizing the Capacity Building Programme on Social Media for Development and Governance. The programmeis being undertaken in cooperation with the country’s Ministry of Information and Communications.
The activity marks an important step in deepening the understanding of country’s government leaders and policymakers on the potential of social media for sustainable socio-economic development and good governance.
On 11-12 July, UN-APCICT held a two-day workshop in Malaybalay City, Philippines, on the use of ICT for disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change and green growth.