This study sets out to understand how social media is being used in disaster and emergency situations. Research thus far has established the importance of social media in disaster and crisis communication but neglects to describe why social media are important. To establish best practices of social media use in a disaster and why they should be used, this study interviewed six communication or social media experts in the field of disaster relief.
This joint effort draws on the wealth of existing expertise across numerous organizations and previous research to codify a series of best conduct practices for the use of SMS in disaster response. This guideline document is a collaborative work in progress and therefore neither fully comprehensive nor entirely complete. This effort focuses exclusively on “natural” disasters and thus currently excludes reference to political crises and complex humanitarian emergencies.
Performance Evaluation of Multi-Hop Communication Based on a Mobile Multi-Robot System in a Subterranean Laneway
For disaster exploration and surveillance application, this paper aims to present a novel application of a multi-robot agent based on WSN and to evaluate multi-hop communications supported by robotics used in subterranean tunnel. The paper proposes a Primary-Scout Multi-Robot System (PSMRS) and reports on the implementation of a chain topology in a subterranean environment using a trimmed ZigBee2006 protocol stack to build the multi-hop communication network.
A Civilian Reporting Service to Guide Converging Resources for Search and Rescue in Disaster Response
This paper proposes a geo spatial information repository for initial condition reporting and updating to guide search and rescue operations and deployment of equipment with safety considerations for the rescuers in large scale disaster response scenarios.
This module provides government officials and policymakers with an overview of disaster risk management (DRM) and presents an approach for identifying information needs in DRM. It then matches the needs with ICT. The module also describes and provides examples of existing ICT applications for DRM and discusses benefits and barriers for utilizing ICT in DRM.
On 11-12 July, UN-APCICT held a two-day workshop in Malaybalay City, Philippines, on the use of ICT for disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change and green growth.
On 16 June, UN-APCICT officially launched the Chinese version of its module on ICT for disaster risk management at the Metropolis Public Security and Emergency Management International Conference, organized IAEM and the Shanghai Administration Institute in Shanghai, China.
In March of 2014, APCICT launched four new online modules of its flagship programmes the 'Academy of ICT Essential for Government Leaders' and the 'Primer Series on ICTD for Youth' on its online distance learning platform, the APCICT Virtual Academy.
On 3-5 February 2014, APCICT will co-organized a workshop on ICT for Disaster Risk Management with the Career Executive Service Board (CESB) of the Philippines in order to address the urgent needs of improving the capacity of the country to more effectively respond to disaster situations and of enhancing its disaster risk reduction efforts.