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ICT World Today - Spring 2009: ICTs and Environment


This second issue of ICT World Today examines the role ICTs play in promoting environmental sustainability, including ways in which ICTs are being used to address climate change mitigation and adaptation.

ICT World Today is supported by APCICT.

Laying the Foundation for the Internet Economy: Access to the Internet via a high-speed infrastructure

As the first publication following the 2008 Seoul Ministerial Declaration for the Future of the Internet economy, this paper addresses the first section of the complete review which consists of seven thematic parts reflecting the Declaration’s definition of the Internet economy; access to the internet via a high-speed infrastructure.

The Impact of Internet in OECD Countries

This paper informs policymakers about ways the Internet impacts the economies, and about the levels and areas of impact. It is designed to structure and to assess the economic impact areas of the Internet at the individual-, firm- and government-levels, as well as at the aggregate, macroeconomic level. This paper combines existing academic literature with illustrative cases.

Measuring the Impact of Innovations in Public IT Infrastructure on the Standard of Living in OECD Countries

This paper utilizes an economic model that looks at the changes in the pattern of consumer spending behaviour and econometrically estimates the extent of the link between these behavioural changes and their drivers: traditional economic stimuli as well as changes in the economic environment due to advances in technology and improved provision of public sector IT infrastructure.

Counterfactual simulations with the estimated model provide money-metric measures of the welfare benefits of innovations in Internet-based public sector IT infrastructure in a variety of OECD economies.

Digital Divide: From Computer Access to Online Activities - A Micro Data Analysis

This paper addresses issues of digital divide among households and individuals by using micro-data analysis of ICT usage patterns which have recently become available in a number of countries.

In a two-step approach to inequalities in computer and Internet use, the paper first tries to better quantify and understand the factors that separate the ‘haves’ and the ‘have-nots,’ then moves on to explain observed differences in the frequency and type of Internet use as a result of the socio-economic characteristics of households and individuals.

Regulation of Transborder Data Flows under Data Protection and Privacy Law

This paper describes the present status of transborder data flow regulation to induce reflection about its aims, operation and effectiveness, now and in the future.

It considers only legal issues, in particular only those arising under data protection and privacy law; only examines rules that explicitly regulate the flow of data across national boarders; takes a global approach; uses the terms ‘data protection’ and ‘privacy’ interchangeably; and covers transborder data flows in both the private and public sectors.

Digital Identity Management for Natural Persons: Enabling Innovation and Trust in the Internet Economy

This report builds on the findings of the 2011 comparative analysis of national strategies for digital identity management in OECD countries, making a case and offering guidance to policymakers for developing strategies for the management of digital identity of natural persons.

This report introduces digital identity management from a public policy perspective as an enabler for innovation and trust in the Internet economy, then moves on to include policy guidance for the development of national strategies for digital identity management.

National Broadband Plans

Presented to the Working Party on Communication Infrastructure and Services(CISP) in December 2010, this report surveys national broadband plans(NBP) across the OECD area, providing an overview of common elements and goals in those plans.

Topic coverage reaches out to include, but is not limited to, policy coordination, broadband as an economic stimulus, the economic effects of broadband access and regulatory impact assessments.

ICT Applications for the Smart Grid: Opportunities and Policy Implications

This report discusses “smart” applications of information and communication technologies(ICTs) for more sustainable energy production, management and consumption.

Information Policies in Asia: Development of Indicators

This report focuses on assessing country information policies on seven broad dimensions in the context of achieving the goals of information-based societies. By laying out the objectives and methodology of the data and indicators contributing to information policies across the seven dimensions, the report provides an organizing framework that can be adapted to the needs of information policy initiatives in any given national context.