ICT has been recognized as a powerful tool for a country’s development. The focus of the study is to identify the current level of ICT adoption in the rural areas, the challenges the local agencies faced in delivering public services, and to recommend next course of action to improve the adoption of ICT. Twenty-two villages were involved in the study with total of 922 respondents. Fieldworks were carried out involving questionnaires and interviews. The findings show that ICT adoption in the rural communities is still very minimal and at its early stage.
Towards a conceptual framework for ICT for Development: lessons learned from the cube framework used in Latin America
The ICT for Development community is long searching for comprehensive and adequate conceptual frameworks. In 2003, United Nations Regional Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean proposed a three-dimensional conceptual framework that models the transition toward so-called Information Societies as interplay between technology, policy and social change.
This paper presents an approach to understanding information and communication technology-for-development (ICT4D) interventions based around informal learning, where the ongoing process of using ICTs – rather than informational products – is seen as the principal development driver. A conceptual model of informal learning in ICT4D is constructed.
ICT for Development: sustainable technology-supported participatory development for poverty alleviation in the context of digital divides
This paper will review recent literature and consider elements and boundary concepts that constitute the ICT4D field. The paper's goal is to review boundary objects (frameworks and participation processes) that have so far been created to aid ICT4D understanding and decision-making, and seek to synthesise these into a framework that goes at least some way to addressing the concerns about this issue.
As the impacts of climate change intensify, developing countries must implement innovative strategies to adapt to changing climatic conditions and uncertainty. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) can play a key role in strengthening adaptive capacity. This Brief identifies ICTs' contribution to national adaptation strategies and to specific sectoral adaptations in developing countries. It argues that ICTs provide generic support to the process of information gathering, decision-making, implementation and evaluation for national level adaptation.
Despite the political turmoil that had swept up the region over the past two years, the Arab world continued to make significant progress in the adoption of information and communication technology (ICT) in 2011, taking big strides towards enhancing ICT infrastructure and performance. Driven by the GCC's remarkable mobile penetration figures, mobile phone subscriptions in the Arab world nearly matched the region's population – to reach 346 million as of end 2011.
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) have become common place entities in all aspects of life. Across the past twenty years the use of ICT has fundamentally changed the practices and procedures of nearly all forms of endeavor within business and governance. Within education, ICT has begun to have a presence but the impact has not been as extensive as in other fields. Education is a very socially oriented activity and quality education has increased. The use of ICT in education lends itself to more student-centered learning.
This paper is a positional paper that is set to take inventory of existing innovative ICT solutions in health service delivery (e-health) in rural community of developing countries and to open up researches into the acceptability and utilization of various ICT solutions in health services in developing countries. The assessment is based on the existing e-health model of Peter Dury and other subsequent works of other Authors who have researched into electronic health solutions in developing countries.
A significant development in public service in recent times is the increasing application of ICTs. Governments have embarked on programs and projects that seek to improve the delivery of public services through the adoption of ICT in the public sector. While initially e-government initiatives were aimed at increasing internal processes and operational efficiencies of public agencies, now e-government projects are employed in an attempt to provide an integrated and connected services to stakeholders.
This paper attempts to provide deeper insight into the e-government landscape in Asian region. First, the paper highlights the state of e-governance in Asia. Second, it determines the structure of the existing e-governance divide in the region from two different perspectives. Third, the paper investigates the possible impact of e-governance on the quality of governance in terms of: (i) voice and accountability and (ii) government effectiveness in the region. Our results show significant divide between sub-regions, particularly in the area of e-participation.