This report provides an overview of the gender distribution of ICT and ICT-related employment in OECD countries, and ICT employment patterns are contrasted with overall employment to highlight differences. The authors discuss participation in ICT-related education and training, and differences in ICT access and use by gender. In ICT-related employment, women have low shares of ICT-specialist employment and these shares rarely show an increase. Among ICT-using occupations women tend to have higher shares of office and secretarial occupations and lower shares in scientific and professional ones.
This analysis suggests that for both equity and efficiency reasons gender differences in ICT occupations, education, access and use need to be addressed, that further, more detailed, analytical work on the evolution of ICT occupations, education and use should be undertaken and that the effects of policy on women and ICTs should be analysed in detail.