ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction: The Indian Experience

ICT for Disaster Risk Reduction: The Indian Experience

This report provides a brief introduction to the national framework India has developed for Disaster Risk Reduction, and how ICT is being implemented within this policy. The report summarizes the different ICT resources the Government of India is utilizing to reduce disaster risk and manage disasters that do occur

The unique geo-climatic conditions have made India highly vulnerable to natural disasters. In India, 54% of landmass is prone to earthquakes, 40 million hectares of landmass is prone to floods, 8000 km of coastline is prone to cyclones and almost 68% of total geographical area is vulnerable to droughts. The recent occurrence of massive Tsunami on 26.12.2004 has worsened the situation. Though complete prevention of natural disasters is beyond human capabilities, the adverse impact of any disaster on human lives and their livelihoods can be minimized by taking adequate early warning, preparedness and mitigation measures. The state-of-art Information and Communication Technology (ICT) systems play a crucial role for implementing such preventive measures.

Sujit Mohanty
Hemang Karelia
Rajeev Issar
© National Disaster Management Division, Government of India, 2004