e-Co Hub Quarterly Digest: July – September 2012

Over the past 3 months, APCICT has added to the e-Collaborative Hub more than 30 unique ICT for development resources, briefs, toolkits and case studies.

Articles, Research Papers and Reports

ICTs and Sustainable Solutions for the Digital Divide: Theory and Perspectives
This publication provides an historic and holistic analysis of ICT for development. The book brings together a variety of thematic experts and research on the social side of ICTD, computing, the users, and the design of systems that meet the needs of “ordinary” users.

A Review of Social Media in E-Government
This paper reviews the recent literature concerning Web 2.0, social medial, social networking, and how it has been used in the public sector. Key observations include literature themes such as the evolution of social media case studies in literature, the progress of social media policies and strategies over time, and social media use in disaster management as an important role for government.

An analysis of the Factors Affecting the Sustainability of ICT4D Initiatives
In this report, the major factors influencing the sustainability of ICT4D projects in poor rural areas are summarized via a systems analysis. The questions posed by this analysis may be partially addressed by strategies based upon the concept of human scale development.

Turning on Mobile Learning in Latin America: Illustrative Initiatives and Policy Implications
This paper is one of the fourteen working papers of UNESCO focusing on the role of mobile learning in the education sector. The report analyzes the policies and initiatives related to the educational use of mobile phones in Latin America.
 
Measuring the Information Society – 2011
This paper, prepared by ITU to monitor information society developments worldwide as of 2011, focuses on the policy choices in different countries and provides recommendations on how to bring more people into the information age.

2012 Information and Communications for Development: Maximizing Mobile
This report analyzes the growth and evolution of applications for mobile phones, focusing on their use in agriculture, health and financial services, as well as their impact on employment and government.

Information Economy Report 2011: ICTs as an Enabler for Private Sector Development
This report illustrates the effective use of information and communication technologies in both the private and the public sector and significantly contributes to and accelerates progress in private sector development.

ICT Evaluation: Are We Asking the Right Questions?
This paper explores the experiences of ICT evaluation in the broad business environment and draw parallels with the ICT for development (ICTD) environment. The paper motivates the need for a fundamental paradigm shift in ICTD evaluation and argues that it is not sufficient to focus on the easily measurable tangible and quantifiable benefits of ICT.

Big Data for Development: Challenges & Opportunities
This paper does not offer a grand theory of technology-driven social change in the Big Data era. Rather it aims to delineate the main concerns and challenges raised by “Big Data for Development” as concretely and openly as possible, and to suggest ways to address at least a few aspects of each.

ICTD interventions: trends over the last decade
This study examines ICT4D technology interventions that have been developed over the last decade. The purpose is to provide a snapshot of the trends that have characterized ICT4D technology interventions from the period starting 1995 to 2010.

Mobile Applications for Agricultural and Rural Development
This report examines the development impact, ecosystems, and business models of mobile applications for agricultural and rural development (m-ARD apps) to provide and analytical framework for policymakers and development practitioners.

The role of Mobile-enabled Social Media in Social Development
This short report provides analysis on the role of social media in social development as mobile phone Internet access increases.

Peacebuilding in the Information Age: Sifting hype from reality
This compilation of research papers looks at the increasingly important role of information and communication technology (ICT) in conflict prevention, peacebuilding, peacekeeping and crisis response.

What are the key lessons of ICT4D partnerships for poverty reduction?
This report aims to summarize the evidence available on the effects of ICT4D partnerships on poverty reduction. A further aim of the study was to use systematic and reproducible methods of investigation of the published literature to enable a judgment to be made about the quality as well as the content of the evidence available.

The Importance of ICTs in the Provision of Information for Improving Agricultural Productivity and Rural Incomes in Africa
This paper looks at the evidence on the role of emerging ICTs in the agricultural sector in Africa with lessons from Asia with respect to farmers’ access to information and other services that would help improve agricultural productivity, practices, and farmer livelihoods. This paper is part of a series of recent research commissioned for the African Human Development Report.

Laying the Foundation for the Internet Economy: Access to the Internet via a high-speed infrastructure
As the first publication following the 2008 Seoul Ministerial Declaration for the Future of the Internet economy, this paper addresses the first section of the complete review which consists of seven thematic parts reflecting the Declaration’s definition of the Internet economy; access to the internet via a high-speed infrastructure.

The Impact of Internet in OECD Countries
This paper informs policymakers about ways the Internet impacts the economies, and about the levels and areas of impact. It is designed to structure and to assess the economic impact areas of the Internet at the individual-, firm- and government-levels, as well as the aggregate, macroeconomic level.

Measuring the Impact of Innovations in Public IT Infrastructure on the Standard of Living in OECD Countries
This paper utilizes an economic model that looks at the changes in the pattern of consumer spending behavior and econometrically estimates the extent of the link between these behavioural changes and their drivers; traditional economic stimuli as well as changes in the economic environment due to advances in technology and improved provision of public sector IT infrastructure.

Digital Divide: From Computer Access to Online Activities – A Micro Data Analysis
This paper addresses issues of digital divide among households and individuals by using micro-data analysis of ICT usage patterns which have recently become available in a number of countries.

Regulation of Transborder Data Flows under Data Protection and Privacy Law
This paper describes the present status of transborder data flow regulation to induce reflection about its aims, operation and effectiveness, now and in the future.

Digital Identity Management for Natural Persons: Enabling Innovation and Trust in the Internet Economy
This report builds on the findings of the 2011 comparative analysis of national strategies for digital identity management in OECD countries, making a case and offering guidance to policymakers for developing strategies for the management of digital identity of natural persons.

National Broadband Plans
Presented to the Working Party on Communication Infrastructure and Services (CISP) in December 2010, this report surveys national broadband plans (NBP) across the OECD area, providing an overview of common elements and goals in those plans.

ICT Applications for the Smart Grid: Opportunities and Policy Implications
This report discusses “smart” applications of information and communications technologies (ICTs) for more sustainable energy production, management and consumption.

OECD Guide to Measuring the Information Society 2011
This report provides the statistical definitions, classifications and methods to measure and compare the information society across countries. It provides a standard reference for statisticians, analysts and policymakers in the field. This guide will assist countries that want to start or develop new statistical programmes to measure the information society.

Policy guidelines for the development and promotion of open access
This report aims to promote Open Access in Member States by facilitating understanding of all relevant issues related to Open Access so as to support the adoption of OA policies and strengthen national research systems. Overall, the report provides an account of the development of Open Access, why it is important and desirable, how to attain it, and the design and effectiveness of policies.

Information Policies in Asia: Development of Indicators
This report focuses on assessing country information policies on seven broad dimensions in the context of achieving the goals of information-based societies. By laying out the objectives and methodology of the data and indicators contributing to information policies across the seven dimensions, the report provides an organizing framework that can be adapted to the needs of information policy initiatives in any given national context.

Guidelines for Open Educational Resources in Higher Education
The purpose of this report is to encourage decision makers in governments and institutions to invest in the systematic production, adaptation and use of OER and to bring them into mainstream of higher education in order to improve the quality of curricula and teaching and to reduce costs.

Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: The changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet
This report provides a new perspective on the social and political dynamics behind the threats to expression. It develops a conceptual framework on the ‘ecology of freedom of expression’ for discussing the broad context of policy and practice that should be taken into consideration in discussion of this issue.

Case Studies

Demystifying the possibilities of ICT4D in the Mountain Regions of Nepal
This paper explores a case study in Nepal to help enhance understanding of how locally-initiated ICTD projects may help to narrow ICT inaccessibility gaps in the education, healthcare, information and communication between urban and remote communities.

Steering e-Government Projects from Failure to Success: Using Design-Reality Gap Analysis as a Mid-Implementation Assessment Tool
As a case study, the paper uses a partial failure / partial success land management information system being implemented in one Ethiopian city. The project has made retrieval of land information quicker and simpler but is only partly implemented, and is still – on occasion – circumvented by public servants for personal gain.

Mobile Applications for the Health Sector
This report assesses the current state of mHealth in the developing world, including extensive case studies of Haiti, India and Kenya, which have very different health sectors, financing options and technological bases.

Community Media: A good practice handbook
This collection of case studies highlights good practices in community media. Its intention is to provide support for those engaged in community media advocacy and to raise awareness and understanding of community media among policy makers and other stakeholders.
 

Toolkit

The ICT Regulation Toolkit
The Toolkit is intended to assist regulators with the design of effective and enabling regulatory frameworks to harness the latest technological and market advances. Its most prevalent themes are the impact of changing technology, the role of competition, and the regulatory implications of the transition from traditional to next generation networks.

APCICT welcomes suggestions for e-Co Hub resources and case studies as well as comments on existing items.

e-Co Hub Quarterly Digest: July – September 2012