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ICT4D Policies and Strategies

The page contains resources on regional, national, local and institutional policies and strategies on ICT4D. There are also references and guides on the formulation and implementation of effective policies and strategies to harness the potential of ICTs for social, economic, political, and cultural development at the national level.

The debate on ICT has permanently shifted from ‘why’ use ICT for development to ‘how’ comprehensive and holistic ICT policies can unleash human potential and enhance people’s capacities to improve their lives. National governments play an important role in shaping national policies that enable the development and propagation of technologies that benefit citizens in the long run.

You will find resources on:

  • Analyses of ICT policies and strategies
  • Guides on policy formulation and the development process
  • Thematic priority areas to be addressed in the conceptualization and development of policies

 

Localizing Development: Does Participation Work?

Localizing Development: Does Participation Work?

The Policy Research Report Localizing Development: Does Participation Work? brings analytical rigor to a field that has been the subject of intense debate and advocacy, and billions of dollars in development aid. It briefly reviews the history of participatory development and argues that its two modalities, community-based development and local decentralization, should be treated under the broader unifying umbrella of local development. It suggests that a distinction between organic participation (endogenous efforts by civic activists to bring about change) and induced participation (large-scale efforts to engineer participation at the local level via projects) is key, and focuses on the challenges of inducing participation. The report provides a conceptual framework for thinking about participatory development and then uses this framework to conduct a comprehensive review of the literature. The framework develops the concept of “civil society failure” and explains its interaction with government and market failures. It argues that participatory development, which is often viewed as a mechanism for bypassing market and government failures by ”harnessing” civic capacity, ought to be seen instead as a mechanism that, if done right, could help to repair important civil society failures. It distills literature from anthropology, economics, sociology, and political science to outline the challenges for effective policy in this area, looking at issues such as the uncertainty of trajectories of change, the importance of context, the role of elite capture and control, the challenge of collective action, and the role of the state. The review of the evidence looks at a variety of issues: the impact of participatory projects on inclusion, civic capacity, and social cohesion; on key development outcomes, such as income, poverty, and inequality; on public service delivery; and on the quality of local public goods. It draws on the evidence to suggest several recommendations for policy, emphasizing the key role of learning-by-doing. It then reviews participatory projects funded by the World Bank and finds the majority lacking in several arenas – particularly in paying attention to context and in creating effective monitoring and evaluation systems that allow for learning.

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Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016: Transforming Economies, Realizing Rights

Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016: Transforming Economies, Realizing Rights

Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016 brings together human rights and economic policymaking, and provides the key elements for a far-reaching new policy agenda that can transform economies and make women’s rights a reality. Through solid in-depth analysis and data, this evidence-based report provides key recommendations on moving towards an economy that truly works for women, for the benefit of all.

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Enabling Entrepreneurial Ecosystems

Enabling Entrepreneurial Ecosystems

Inspired by research on the importance of entrepreneurship for sustained economic growth and improved well being, many governments and non-governmental grant-making organizations have sought over the past decade to implement policies and programs intended to support entrepreneurs. Over this interval, growing appreciation of the limits of strategies focused narrowly on financing or training entrepreneurs has prompted a number of such entities to shift their efforts toward more broad-based strategies aimed at enabling “entrepreneurial ecosystems” at the city or sub-national regional scale. This paper takes the metaphor of the “ecosystem” seriously, seeking to draw lessons from evolutionary biology and ecology to inform policy for entrepreneurship. In so doing, the paper provides a framework for data gathering and analysis of practical value in assessing the vibrancy of entrepreneurial ecosystems.

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A Policymaker's Guide to Spurring ICT Adoption

A Policymaker's Guide to Spurring ICT Adoption

Policymakers around the world have been asking for years how to create “the next Silicon Valley.” This is understandable: in the digital economy, they see leadership in information and communications technologies (ICT) as the key to boosting competitiveness, spurring growth, and creating jobs. But while policymakers’ general instinct is right, their specific question is based on the wrong premise. Since the turn of the millennium, using ICT has created much more growth than producing ICT. This is good news for policymakers, because it is much easier to expand ICT use than it is to build the next Silicon Valley. This “pocket guide” provides a concise, easy-to-use road map for policymakers around the world, built around three themes: keeping prices low, keeping demand high, and strengthening key enabling factors across the public and private sectors.

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Four things policy-makers need to know about social media data and real time analytics

The retention and protection of social media data has attracted renewed attention from policy-makers in the UK and across the EU. Having studied the complexity of how social media data operate in contexts of crisis, Ella McPherson provided evidence to a select committee on what lessons can be learned on the ethical and methodological complications of social media analysis. The summary point in this blog post form a cautionary tale about the range of issues related to the government analysing social media information.

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Training program in ICT for development launched by UN-APCICT in Bangladesh

Training program in ICT for development launched by UN-APCICT in Bangladesh

On 28-30 April, UN-APCICT launched its ICTD capacity building programme, the "Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders," in collaboration with the Bangladesh Computer Council in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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UN-APCICT promotes ICT for development human capacity building in countries in Asia-Pacific and Africa

UN-APCICT promotes ICT for development human capacity building in countries in Asia-Pacific and Africa

On 15-18 April 2014, APCICT organized a Capacity Building Workshop on E-Government, Information Security and Privacy in collaboration with the Telecommunications Technology Association of the Republic of Korea and the African Development Bank for 26 government officials and policymakers from 9 countries in Asia-Pacific and 6 countries from Africa.

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ICT Strategy of the German Federal Government: Digital Germany 2015

This report presents Germany's Federal Government ICT Strategy. With the implementation of this ICT strategy, the Federal Government is seeking to contribute to promoting sustainable economic growth, help create new jobs and bring about social benefits. It is also aware of the social-policy significance of Internet and ICT, will continue to engage in dialogue on the prospects of German Internet policy and the appropriate role of government in the future organisation of the Internet and channel the outcomes into improving the regulatory policy framework.

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ICT for Development: sustainable technology-supported participatory development for poverty alleviation in the context of digital divides

This paper will review recent literature and consider elements and boundary concepts that constitute the ICT4D field. The paper's goal is to review boundary objects (frameworks and participation processes) that have so far been created to aid ICT4D understanding and decision-making, and seek to synthesise these into a framework that goes at least some way to addressing the concerns about this issue.

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Cybersecurity Management in the States: The Emerging Role of Chief Information Security Officers

This report is a significant contribution to the discussion of the roles and responsibilities of chief information security officers (CISOs) in state governments across the United States. It identifies both strategies and activities used by successful state CISOs, and thereby provides a good roadmap to success for all state CISOs. The report cites the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC), which has been championed since its inception by the New York state chief cybersecurity officer as one key cybersecurity collaboration success. The MS-ISAC initiative has yielded measurable results and provided a means of consistent communication across sectors in society. The report also emphasizes that while a technical education remains important for CISOs, state cybersecurity officials need to be proficient in nontechnical skills as well, including collaboration, communication, managerial, organizational, policy alignment, and political skills. Finally, the report emphasizes the need for state cybersecurity officials to devote increased attention to data management as the defined system/network perimeter has dissolved and the future success of cybersecurity relies on the CISOs, chief information officers, data owners, records managers and archivists to jointly focus on data management to achieve effective business processes.

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Global Law and Global Challenges - Cyber Warfare: Law and Policy Proposals for U.S. and Global Governance

Cybersecurity is the newest and most unique national security issue of the twenty-first century. Cyber warfare uses computer technologies as defensive and offensive weapons in international relations. Until now, there has been no national debate within the United States over the concept of cyber warfare; neither its meaning nor the international laws that govern this concept have been discussed at any length, and nor have the domestic rules regarding it. The debate over cyber warfare is only now emerging in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the foreign policy dialogue between the U.S., the Russian Federation, and other nations. National and international understanding and strategy should be developed, and infrastructure must be implemented nationally and internationally. It is important to explain cyber warfare between states in the context of domestic and international affairs from a legal-political perspective.

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Towards a conceptual framework for ICT for Development: lessons learned from the cube framework used in Latin America

The ICT for Development community is long searching for comprehensive and adequate conceptual frameworks. In 2003, United Nations Regional Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean proposed a three-dimensional conceptual framework that models the transition toward so-called Information Societies as interplay between technology, policy and social change. This model has been adopted throughout the region as a rough guidance for outlining international Action Plans, as an organizational tool to identify actors and priorities for national strategies, as well as a reference a tool to organize scholarly research. This article reviews some of the diverse applications the model has found during recent years and shows how it can be used. Shortcomings and lessons learned are discussed. The remaining challenge points back to the academic community, in search for ever more coherent and useful models that assist in designing meaningful and effective ICT for development strategies.

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Policies, Partnerships, and Pragmatism: Lessons from an ICT-in-Education Project in Rural Uganda

For at least the past decade, political leaders and policy makers have stressed how important it is for Africa to harness technology, leapfrog development, and take part in the global knowledge economy. In numerous initiatives aimed at realizing these goals, education is a primary target, viewed as a mechanism through which information and communication technologies (ICT) can empower societies to develop technologically literate workforces. Unfortunately, there is a considerable gap between policy rhetoric and effective project implementation. Even as ICT-in-education projects increase rapidly in number and scope across the continent, many still lack necessary pre-project assessments, enumerated goals for outcomes, or understanding of what technology can and cannot do. This article’s focus on policies, partnerships, and pragmatism is informed by a case study of a multi-partnered ICT-in-education project in rural Uganda that set pragmatic technology-use goals, a project for which governmental policy provided an important initial incentive, and which was subsequently revised to address actual student needs for acquiring technology skills. The case offers important lessons to inform both similar projects and government- led policy initiatives in the future.

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Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: The changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet

Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: The changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet

This report provides a new perspective on the social and political dynamics behind the threats to expression. It develops a conceptual framework on the ‘ecology of freedom of expression’ for discussing the broad context of policy and practice that should be taken into consideration in discussions of this issue.

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Timor-Leste and UN Wrap Up Second ICT Training Workshop and Discuss Future Capacity Building Initiatives

Timor-Leste and UN Wrap Up Second ICT Training Workshop and Discuss Future Capacity Building Initiatives

The United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development, a regional institute of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-APCICT/ESCAP), and Timor Leste’s Directorate National for Information and Communication Technology (DNICT), of the Ministry of Infrastructure, today concluded the second National Workshop of the “Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders” (Academy) in Dili, Timor-Leste.

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Building Broadband: Strategies and policies for the developing world

This report offers policymakers and regulators an analysis of approaches that developed countries have taken in expanding their broadband markets, with a focus on the Republic of Korea, one of the most successful broadband markets. Surveys of six other countries that are leading in broadband market development, highlight policymaking and governance strategies, and provide critical information about the aspects of national policies, plans and frameworks that have successfully promoted broadband technology. The analysis concludes with a presentation of policies and regulations that developing countries could consider to support the growth of broadband.

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Bangladesh National ICT Policy - 2008 (proposed)

The proposed National ICT Policy 2008 has incorporated all the ingredients of the National ICT Policy 2002 in a structured manner with requisite updates necessitated by developments since 2002. The revised policy has also incorporated new policy directions in line with the ever changing technological advancements in this area. The most remarkable changes that have been made in the revised National ICT Policy are: 1) a methodical framework of the policy document; and 2) inclusion of planned action items in conformity with policies and strategies.

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Hong Kong Government's ICT Strategy and Initiatives

The Hong Kong Government is intent on harnessing the full potential of information and communications technology (ICT) to benefit the community and enhance Hong Kong's position as a leading digital city. The resource provides the reader with an overview of Hong Kong Government's strategy and initiatives in promoting the adoption of ICT in both the public and the private sectors, and how the reader could profit from the effort.

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Indonesia: Status and Perspective on ICT Sectors

This presentation provides some facts about Indonesia's ICT sector, including infrastructures,policies and programmes in the areas of e-education, e-government and the ICT industry.

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ICT Infrastructure in Emerging Asia: Policy and Regulatory Roadblocks

ICT Infrastructure in Emerging Asia: Policy and Regulatory Roadblocks

This book brings together scholars, practitioners, former regulators, and policy makers to address the problem of expanding information and communications technology (ICT) connectivity in emerging Asia. It centrally engages the widespread claim that technology by itself — independent of policy and regulatory reform — can improve access to ICTs. In doing so, it shows that while complex workarounds are possible, they are significantly less effective than the appropriate policy and regulatory reforms. It gleans lessons from five Asian countries — Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Nepal, and Sri Lanka — based on their experiences with expanding ICT connectivity.

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Enhancing Pacific Connectivity: The Current Situation, Opportunities for Progress

Enhancing Pacific Connectivity: The Current Situation, Opportunities for Progress

Compiling new socio-economic and connectivity indicators, the study finds most Pacific states delivering on health care and education, with many people noting that socio-economic opportunities provided by affordable and effective communications may now be a high priority. The study describes opportunities for improved cable and satellite connectivity, and for the use of terrestrial wireless as well as wired and satellite connectivity within Pacific states. The study suggests that sufficient capital is available for connectivity, if policies, infrastructure and services lead to effective, affordable, and popular systems. Indeed, such benefits are reaching several small island states. However, a regionally cooperative approach may help Pacific states to collectively decide and develop programmes toward that success. The study takes advantage of numerous studies to produce a new synthesis and suggestions for steps forward.

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Overview of ICT Strategy in Japan

The rapid development of information communication technology (ICT) has underpinned Japan’s economic growth for the last few decades. With fierce competition in the global ICT market, the Japanese government announced the ‘IT New Reform Strategy’ and ‘U-Japan’ to realize a sustainable IT society with a strong aim to make Japan a front runner in IT by 2010. This paper gives an overview of the current ICT condition in Japan, including Research and Development and Japan's strength and weakness in the field of ICT, as well as Japan's government policy on ICT.

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Integration of Information and Communication Technologies into National Development Plans for Central Asian Countries

Integration of Information and Communication Technologies into National Development Plans for Central Asian Countries

This publication is the output of the project on "Capacity Building for ICT Policymaking" supported by UNDA and executed in cooperation with UNECE. The project’s main objective was to assist decision makers in Central Asia and the Caucasus in building indigenous capacity for ICT strategy and policy development, in particular for integration of ICT in national development programme. It is the major aim of this publication to assist in reaching the above-mentioned objective.

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2008 Digital 21 Strategy

2008 Digital 21 Strategy

The Digital 21 Strategy was first published in 1998 as the blueprint for Hong Kong's ICT development. It was updated on a regular basis to take into account technological and socio-economic changes. The 2008 Digital 21 Strategy contains five key action areas: facilitating a digital economy; promoting advanced technology and innovation; developing Hong Kong as a hub for technological cooperation and trade; enabling the next generation of public services; and building an inclusive, knowledge-based society. The strategy also details a list of 21 indicators to measure Hong Kong's long-term ICT development over time.

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Frequently asked questions about multi-stakeholder partnerships in ICTs for development: A guide for national ICT policy animators

This guide assists national ICT policy facilitators in coming to grips with the complexities of multi-stakeholder relationships and the attainment of common goals and objectives. It considers practical issues for the establishment of a multi-stakeholder process for ICT policy and looks at how multi-stakeholder partnerships work, what has been successful and what has not, and offers some practical suggestions on how to make them more effective. Practical experiences from two African countries – the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Kenya – are used to illustrate two possible approaches.

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The World Health Organization's Regional Strategy for Information Technology and Telecommunication 2008-2013

The World Health Organization's Regional Strategy for Information Technology and Telecommunication 2008-2013

This strategy is designed to provide both the management and staff in the South-East Asia region with a clear sense of direction and priorities for ICT and to provide a reference point for decision-making over the next six years (2008 – 2013). It establishes the approaches that the region will adopt to maximize the benefits from investments made by WHO in ICT. The existing committee for ICT governance established in the Regional office, namely the Informatics Systems Advisory Committee, will be further strengthened in its role through guidance provided by this strategy.

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APDIP e-Note 18 - Standards for Electronic Documents

APDIP e-Note 18 - Standards for Electronic Documents

This APDIP e-Note provides a brief introduction to the history of document standards, explores the different standards for electronic documents and details the development of OpenDocument Format for Office Applications (ODF). It also looks at how governments worldwide have started to adopt ODF in public administration.

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Strategic ICT Roadmap for Malaysia

This Strategic ICT Roadmap for Malaysia was mooted by the National Information Technology Council (NITC) and re-iterated in the Ninth Malaysian Plan. It identifies three Technology Focus Areas that could advance Malaysia economically and technologically over the next ten years and beyond, and could help fulfil the tenets of Vision 2020: (1) Wireless Sensor Networks, (2) Predictive Analytics, and (3) Three-Dimensional Internet.

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The Least Developed Countries Report, 2007: Knowledge, Technological Learning and Innovation for Development

The Least Developed Countries Report, 2007: Knowledge, Technological Learning and Innovation for Development

This report focus on five issues: (1) the extent to which the development of technological capabilities is occurring in LDCs through international market linkages; (2) the way in which science, technology and innovation (STI) issues are currently treated within LDCs, particularly in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers; (3) current controversies about how stringent intellectual property right regimes affect technological development processes in LDCs and policy options for improving their learning environment; (4) the extent of loss of skilled human resources through emigration and policy options for dealing with that issue; and (5) how ODA is supporting technological learning and innovation in the LDCs and ways to improve it.

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Program on Development of Vietnam's Digital Content Industry to 2010

This official gazette covers the objectives, development policies and key projects for development of Viet Nam's digital content industry towards 2010.

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Up-to-2010 Program on Development of Vietnam's Software Industry

This official gazette covers the objectives, development policies and key projects for development of Viet Nam's software industry towards 2010.

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Maldives Seventh National Development Plan (2006-2010): Creating New Opportunities

Part III - Spatial Development on Information Communication Technology (page 90-93) outlines briefly the ten main policies and strategies on Information Communication Technology in Maldives.

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White Paper of Information and Communications Technology Development in Mongolia 2006

This white paper explores Mongolia ICT policy, legal and regulatory framework. It also summarizes the results and status of the country's ICT development. Profiles and contacts of ICT organizations in Mongolia are also provided in this white paper.

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Turkey Information Society Strategy (2006-2010)

This document provides a five-year strategy for Turkey in transforming the country towards an information society.

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Empowering Parliaments through the Use of ICTs

Empowering Parliaments through the Use of ICTs

e-Parliament is an emerging area of work in developing countries, and is thus still in its infancy when compared to national ICT for Development strategies, e-government or e-commerce. Not surprisingly, there are few studies on the subject, few comparative experiences and human resources are limited. The study has developed an analytical framework that focuses on the three core functions of Parliaments - legislation, representation and oversight - and establishes links between them. The study provides concrete examples of the importance of ICTs for the empowerment and increased credibility of parliamentary institutions.

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Regional Action Plan towards the Information Society in Asia and the Pacific

Regional Action Plan towards the Information Society in Asia and the Pacific

This publication is a further step in the direction envisaged in the Regional Roadmap towards an Information Society. It addresses the key issues relating to the application of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and outlines how the global and regional initiatives could promote and catalyze actions at the regional and national levels. It outlines a comprehensive plan and strategic framework for collaborative ICT programmes and projects at the regional level for realizing the vision of an inclusive and sustainable information society in Asia and the Pacific.

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Cambodia's National ICT Policy (Draft)

The policy draft includes policies on legal and regulatory frameworks; human capacity development; standards, software and content; infrastructure; and enterprise development.

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Philippine ICT Roadmap

The roadmap outlines the guiding principles for the use of ICT for socio-economic development in the Philippines. It also discusses strategic programmes and initiatives for ICT related to: ensuring universal access to ICT; developing human capital; e-governance to promote efficiency and transparency in government; strategic business development to enhance competitiveness in the global ICT market; and the legal and policy agenda for the Philippine ICT sector.

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MyICMS 886 Strategy

The MyICMS 886 (Malaysian Information, Communications and Multimedia Services 886) Strategy identifies eight service areas that have been targeted to propel Malaysia in the delivery of advanced information, communications and multimedia services towards improving the quality of life of Malaysians and at boosting Malaysia’s global competitiveness.

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The World Bank's South Asia Region ICT Strategy and Implementation Plan

The main objective of the strategy was to identify ways in which the World Bank in the South Asia Region could assist its partner countries in achieving their economic development goals through more effective use of ICTs. As part of the background analytical work for this strategy, the project team took a comprehensive approach to reviewing the policy documents and national development plans for each of the eight countries represented in the region. This analysis was then compared to a review of the Bank's lending portfolio in the region, to assess the nature of the ICT assistance the Bank has been providing. Based on the analysis of these assessments, an ICT for development framework was developed to strategically address client needs in a more comprehensive manner. This document, embodying that strategy, is divided in two main sections, which describe the strategy and highlight the analytical work done as background; and describe the implementation plan outlining a 3-year approach to implementing the strategy, as well as the units responsible for its implementation.

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Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010: Mainstreaming Information and Communications Technology

This chapter of the Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010 shows the progress after the implementation of the provious Eighth Malaysia Plan 2001-2005. It outlines their vision and action plan toward the country development using ICTs.

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ICT Policy Formulation and e-Strategy Development: A comprehensive guidebook

ICT Policy Formulation and e-Strategy Development: A comprehensive guidebook

This publication serves as a guidebook for policy makers and planners of Asia-Pacific countries to prepare national policies and strategies on information and communications technology (ICT) for development. It focuses on steps taken in developing ICT policies, including appropriate e-readiness assessment, participatory methodologies, and visioning exercises.

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Brunei Darussalam E-Strategy Paper

This paper contains brief information about the e-Strategy Paper in the form of PowerPoint presentation. It covers the background history of the full paper, the reason reasons behind creating the paper, the highlight of the paper itself and the creation of an Ad-hoc Group.

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Regulations, Policies and Legal Frameworks Related to ICT: International Management Standards for ICT Development in the Greater Mekong Subregion

Regulations, Policies and Legal Frameworks Related to ICT: International Management Standards for ICT Development in the Greater Mekong Subregion

The study aims to promote an awareness and appreciation of how new and emerging international management standards such as ISO 9000 (quality management systems), ISO 17799 (information security management systems) and the Capability Maturity Model (CMM) can enhance competitiveness and quality in the ICT software and hardware sectors in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region and other countries of the Asia-Pacific region, while ensuring the confidentiality, integrity and availability of networked information.

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Good Practices in Information and Communication Technology Policies in Asia and the Pacific: Promotion of Enabling Policies and Regulatory Frameworks for Information and Communication Technology Development in the Asia-Pacific Region

Good Practices in Information and Communication Technology Policies in Asia and the Pacific: Promotion of Enabling Policies and Regulatory Frameworks for Information and Communication Technology Development in the Asia-Pacific Region

This study is intended to be a resource for ICT policy planners and decision makers, and offers policy-oriented perspectives on ICT policy formulation and implementation in the Asia-Pacific region In preparing for the study, fact-finding missions were fielded to India, Malaysia and the Republic of Korea, followed by a regional seminar on enabling policies and regulatory frameworks for ICT development in the Asian and Pacific region held at Bangkok in December 2003 and an ESCAP/ITU regional training workshop on enabling policies and regulatory frameworks for ICT development in the Asian and Pacific region held at Bangkok in May 2004.

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National Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - India

National Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - India

This country report reviews and assesses progress made in India in drafting and implementing its national e-policies and e-strategies towards meeting its national development goals and the Millennium Development Goals.

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National Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Sri Lanka

National Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Sri Lanka

This country report analyzes the past accomplishments, current trends and future potential of information and communications technology (ICT) in pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals in Sri Lanka. It is based on a survey of Sri Lanka’s ICT initiatives and consultations with key stakeholders active in the development of ICT policies.

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ICT Policies and e-Strategies in the Asia-Pacific: A critical assessment of the way forward

ICT Policies and e-Strategies in the Asia-Pacific: A critical assessment of the way forward

This publication reviews and analyzes information and communications technology (ICT) policies and strategies presently implemented by countries in the Asia-Pacific region. It provides the fundamentals of policy formulation and the development process, and thematic priority areas to be addressed in the conceptualization and development of policies.

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Information and Communications Technology for Development: A Sourcebook for Parliamentarians

Information and Communications Technology for Development: A Sourcebook for Parliamentarians

This Sourcebook, intended for parliamentarians, provides a broad overview of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and their use as powerful tools to accelerate social and economic development. Examples from the Asia-Pacific region are provided to demonstrate how different stakeholders have successfully applied ICTs to development.

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Development of a National IT Strategy Focusing on Indigenous Content Development

This paper explains the foundation of the National ICT Agenda “TAKFA” as Iran’s road to knowledge-based development. It also briefly goes through the management structure and the process in which TAKFA was developed.

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FOSS: Government Policy

FOSS: Government Policy

This e-primer examines the issues related to government policies on free/open source software (FOSS). It focuses on the motivations behind various FOSS policies in the world today, the process by which they are formulated, and suggests implementation strategies that can be utilized. Its target audience are the policy-makers who set national policies and their advisers.

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Bhutan ICT White Paper

The ICT White Paper states the Royal Government of Bhutan's ICT vision, strategic components and future directionfor guiding Bhutan's ICT sector. The Bhutan Information and Communications Technology Policy and Strategies (BIPS) is based on this ICT White Paper.

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Bhutan Information and Communications Technology Policy and Strategies (BIPS)

Three overall policy objectives underpin the BIPS Report: (1) to use ICT for Good Governance; (2) to create a Bhutanese Info-culture; and (3) to create a “High-Tech Habitat”. Based on these objectives, strategies are focused on five areas: policy; infrastructure; human capacity; content and applications; and enterprise. The report also identifies a number of risks to successful implementation of the BIPS strategies and activities. The process of developing BIPS involved multi-stakeholders and was open and participatory.

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Renewable Natural Resources Strategic ICT Framework and Sectoral ICT Masterplan, Kingdom of Bhutan, Version 1.0

This document examines strategies for integrating information and communications technology (ICT) in the Renewable Natural Resources sector. Based on the analysis of appropriate documents, key informant interviews and a SWOT analysis of the ICT capabilities of the RNR Sector, several options and strategic directions were identified. The first part of the document gives the strategic framework, and the second part, the sectoral ICT Masterplan.

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ICT Policy for Civil Society: Training Curriculum

The curriculum is for trainers who want to build the capacity of civil society organizations to understand policy and regulation related to ICT. This curriculum is part of the modular multimedia toolkit (MMTK) developed by APC and partners. A unit is the content taught in a single session. A module is a comprehensive set of units on a topic. This curriculum mainly contains individual units on ICT policy, though there is one module - on 'advocacy'. The units are available in English, French and Spanish.

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South Australia Government ICT Strategies

The seven ICT strategies have been developed to actively contribute to achievement of the South Australia Government’s public policies. They represent the key areas for focus and direction for the management and operation of ICT in the South Australia Public Sector. The strategies seek to maximize the effectiveness of ICT in supporting both the Government’s broader policy directions and the achievement of individual agency outcomes.

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Regional Road Map towards an Information Society in Asia and the Pacific

Regional Road Map towards an Information Society in Asia and the Pacific

This publication contains information to assist Information and Communication Technology (ICT) policy makers and stakeholders in the region to formulate and implement national ICT strategies and action plans. It also provides specific benchmarks and indicators towards narrowing the digital divide and building an information society.

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Civil Initiative on Internet Policy, Tajikistan

This webpage outlines the Internet policy in Tajikistan including ICT development, Internet industry development and, previous/current problems in the Internet sector and other issues.

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The Road to $20,000 GDP/capita: IT 839 Strategy

The Road to $20,000 GDP/capita: IT 839 Strategy

The Korean Ministry of Information and Communication formulated the IT 839 Strategy to help Korea stay ahead. Under the Strategy, new IT services are to be introduced and promoted to encourage investment in network infrastructure, which aim to provide synergic effects with cutting-edge devices, equipment, software and contents.

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ICT Policy: A Beginner's Handbook

The handbook aims to promote the understanding of the issues around policy on ICT development and regulation. It is a beginner’s handbook, which can help readers navigate their way through the varied terrain of ICT policy. The handbook focuses on what is meant by ICT policy and why it is important; looks at what makes the Internet different from other ICTs; and explains policy and regulation, how policy is decided, who the main players are, and what can be done to ensure that policy decision-making is a transparent, participatory process. It also discusses issues related to gender, intellectual property, freedom of expression, privacy and security. The handbook is available online and as a pdf.

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National Action Plan for Youth and ICT 2004-2006 in Timor-Leste

This action plan was formulated at the National Youth Forum in October 2003 and deliberated and adopted at the First Dili International Youth Forum in November 2003. It includes the vision and srategic intent, success factors for achieving a relevant action plan, guiding principles of the action plan, the implementation strategy, and a summary of six ICT projects proposed for implementation in 2004-2006.

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Afghanistan Telecommunications and Internet Policy - Final Working Draft

This policy document consists of key principles and goals of the policy, role of government and its responsibilities, the scope of telecommunication regulatory authority, information on establishment of Afghan Telecom, competition policy and policies regarding licensed and unlicensed spectrum.

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Afghanistan Information and Communication Technologies Policy

This policy document aims to promote the wide adoption of ICTs to improve all aspects of life, and encourage growth in ICT industry and usages of ICT to increase government efficiency. The main policies cover government services, infrastructure and convergence, development, investment, e-government, education and training, and e-commerce. The paper also contains the action plan and strategy for these policies.

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Information and Communication Technology Policy in Mongolia

This paper gives a brief overview on ICT policy in Mongolia. It looks at the functions of government bodies, various government and donor initiatives, and the legislative documents including laws and action plans.

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e-Government Roadmap: Republic of Korea

This presentation provides an overview of the vision, objectives, strategic direction, agenda, roadmap, priority tasks, and action plan for e-Government in the Republic of Korea.

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Information Technology Policy Framework 2001-2010: Thailand Vision Towards a Knowledge-Based Economy

This policy framework serves as a guideline for national IT development in the first decade of the 21st century in leading Thailand towards a knowledge-based economy. It suggests strategies in five key areas: e-Government, e-Commerce, e-Industry, e-Education and e-Society.

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Thailand ICT Master Plan (2002-2006)

Thailand ICT Master Plan (2002-2006)

Thailand ICT Master Plan (2002-2006) is based on a policy framework called IT 2010 which covers the guideline for 10 years ICT development in Thailand starting from 2001. It consists of three principles: building up human capital; promoting innovation; and investing in information infrastructure and promote the information industry. The ICT usage are categorized into five flagships comprising e-Government, e-Commerce, e-Industry, e-Education and e-Society. This master plan is composed of vision, missions, objectives, strategies and activities for the first five years of the IT 2010.

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ICT Master Strategy for Republic of Armenia (Final Draft)

The Master Strategy aims to create a vibrant and sustainable ICT industry that promotes growth in other sectors of the Armenian economy, and position Armenia in the knowledge-based global economy.The Master Strategy strives to foster entrepreneurship to develop and sustain ICT business clusters utilizing skilled people, knowledge institutions, knowledge networks, and information and communication infrastructure.

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National Information and Communication Technologies Strategy for the Development of the Republic of Azerbaijan (2003-2012)

The key goal of this National Strategy is to assist the Republic of Azerbaijan’s democratic development and to create favourable environment for the transition to the information society through the application of information and communications technology (ICT). It looks at the role of the state in building the information society and provides key principles of informatization. The ICT strategy also provides priorities and directions for: education; the social spheres; telecommunication; e-government; legislation; e-economy; information resources; ICT industry; and security.

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Bangladesh National Information and Communication Technology Policy

This policy document guides the development of a country-wide ICT-infrastructure for human resources development, governance, e-commerce, banking, public utility services and all sorts of on-line ICT-enabled services by 2006. This paper includes policy statements and a section on implementation and monitoring.

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Master Plan for Information Technology Use and Development in Vietnam by 2005

This is the Master plan for IT use and development in Vietnam by 2005 with the following major contents:

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National Strategy Information and Communication Technologies for Development in the Kyrgyz Republic

The achieved level and problems with ICT development in the Kyrgyz Republic determine the necessity to move away from a one-sided policy of just developing communications and information technologies to the formulation of a nation-wide strategy to integrate with the world information society. Given already available technological opportunities, main policy directions could be the formation of the interconnect information space in the country, development of information resources, data bases, knowledge, and information infrastructure, which could be used by both state structures and the general public on the parity basis. This will evolve the development of the informational law, technological facilities, and organization.

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Pacific Islands Information and Communication Technologies Policy and Strategic Plan

The development of Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) has long been hampered by dispersed populations, small sizes and vast ocean distances. These circumstances impose large costs on service provision in education, economic development, social welfare, health, travel and communication and have limited the growth of important industries such as fisheries, agriculture and tourism. As one effort, this policy and strategic action plan sets out a framework of guiding ICT principles and policies and recommended activities to guide future policy development and co-operation by the PICTs to achieve its vision: "Information and Communication Technologies for every Pacific Islander."

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Federal Target Program: Electronic Russia (2002-2010)

This paper focuses on ICT for development in Russia Federation. The basic purposes of the Program is to create conditions for development of democracy; increasing efficiency in the functioning of the economy, State management and local management; ensuring the rights to free search, access, transmission, production and dissemination of information; and building ICT capacity.

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Building Institutional Capacity in Asia - Alleviating the Digital Divide: Policy Recommendations for Malaysia, Thailand, The Philppines, Vietnam (Executive Summary)

This report examines the evolving Asian ICT environment using a comparative framework. It undertakes an audit of the ICT initiatives in Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam. Data collection involved in this report has been supplemented by interviews with senior policy leaders and executives from key government and research agencies.

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Fiji Information technology Development Policy

The vision for Fiji’s information economy is "to harness Fiji’s ideal geographic location, competent workforce and world-class information technology infrastructure to promote Fiji’s international competitiveness and create a dynamic, vibrant and well connected e-society." This policy document is focused on three key outcomes: government on-line; e-enabled businesses; and e-empowered community.

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National Infocomm Strategy and Policy: Singapore's Experience

This article provides Singapore IT plan and experience from 1980 to 2000.

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Five Years Action Plan for the Development and Implementation of ICT in Indonesia

The Action Plan addresses priority needs in 2001-2005 for extending ICT benefits throughout Indonesia, including extending transparency and equal access to information, improving access to services and opportunities, and implementing measures to foster the realization of individual potential across society. It also includes assistance to local governments, the private sector and public organisations.

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India Information Technology Action Plan

The IT Action Plan I emphasize the Policy Framework required for creating an ambience for the accelerated flow of investment into the IT sector, with specific orientation towards the Software Industry. The IT Action Plan II furnishes 84 Policy instruments for the Development, Manufacture and Export of IT Hardware. While, the IT Action Plan III focuses on long term IT policies such as IT research, design and development, IT human resource development and content creation.

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Indonesia's Road Map to e-Government: Opportunities and Challenges

This paper describes e-government development in Indonesia and its critical next steps. This includes challenges which are being faced and series of effort which have been taken and will be taken to overcome them. Improvement, diagnosis of current status, and also the formation of National e-Government Task Force are some of the topics covered.

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Philippines National Information Technology Plan for the 21st Century (IT21)

This National Information Technology Plan presents the Philippines' broad strategy to spur itself to global competitiveness through information technology. This plan sets down specific time frames for achieving these goals:

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Executive Summary: National Information Technology Plan 2000 of the Philippines

The National Information Technology Plan 2000 documents an overall strategy to spur the country to global competitiveness through Information Technology diffusion.

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Nepal Information Technology Policy, 2057 (2000)

This policy document includes strategies and action plans place Nepal on the Global Map of Information Technology within the next five years. They are focused on infrastructure development, human resources development, dissemination of IT and promotion of e-commerce. Institutional and legal provisions are also outlined in this document.

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Eighth Malaysia Plan 2001-2005: Information and Communications Technology

This chapter of the Eighth Malaysia Plan reveals the progress of the previous Seventh Malaysia Plan on ICT in detail with statistics based on 1996-2000. The chapter also shows the Malaysia's perspective and action plan in developing ICT for the year 2001-2005.

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Pakistan IT Policy and Action Plan

The vision of the Pakistan IT Policy is to harness the potential of Information Technology as a key contributor to development of Pakistan and the broad-based involvement of the key stakeholders is a must for its sustainable development.

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Maldives Science and Technology Master Plan: Information Technology

This chapter of the Maldives Science and Technology Master Plan examines the state of information technology within Government and addresses the relationship between information technology and communications. It develops a number of recommendations to aid Government in taking best advantage of technological changes. It provides a high level view of the type of organization that will be needed to guide and administer technology deployment within Government, and outlines a standards framework through which this can be accomplished.

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Brunei Darussalam National IT Strategic Plan "IT 2000 and Beyond"

The core strategies of Brunei Darussalam National IT Strategic Plan "IT 2000 and Beyond" includes: 1) The National Drive Towards Paperless Society; 2) The Public Sector Drive Towards Electronic Government; and 3) The Private Sector Drive Towards Electronic Business.

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