Millennium Development Goals and ICT
This page contains resources on why and how ICT applications can contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. This is especially important as governments attempt to achieve Goal 8 of the MDGs that specifically states ‘Target 18: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications’.
ICT 4 the MDGs? A Perspective on ICTs’ Role in Addressing Urban Poverty in the Context of the Millennium Development Goals
This article assesses ICTs’ role in reaching the goals, with an emphasis on urban poverty. Over the lifespan of the MDGs, debate about ICTs and development has grown. On one side are those who see ICTs as enabling rapid growth and citizen empowerment; on the other side are those who warn that “technical fixes” cannot overcome the historic and structural causes of poverty. In this article, using the organizing framework of the eight MDGs, these debates are discussed by reviewing examples of ICT projects that aim to further the goals’ realization. Many of these projects suggest that ICTs are useful, particularly with respect to increasing information and enhancing services, a common theme throughout this article. However, the article also raises critical queries about the allure of “technology-boosterism.” These range from questioning the measurable impact and sustainability of ICT4D to the vision of development embedded in ICT4D and whether new technologies can subvert the underlying causes of global poverty. Our article shows that, while ICTs can be enablers for developmental processes, we must listen to communities in poverty when deciding how ICTs should feature in the post-2015 agenda.
A significant development in public service in recent times is the increasing application of ICTs. Governments have embarked on programs and projects that seek to improve the delivery of public services through the adoption of ICT in the public sector. While initially e-government initiatives were aimed at increasing internal processes and operational efficiencies of public agencies, now e-government projects are employed in an attempt to provide an integrated and connected services to stakeholders. E-government is also seen as a strategy that would broadly support national economic objectives and the Millennium Development Goals. Malaysia has followed the global trend and adopted e-government in order to improve governance and service delivery on the one hand and to foster national developmental goals on the other. The Malaysian government has increased its e-government efforts by initiating and implementing different programs and projects. This paper provides an overview of some of these e-government schemes indicating the nature of innovations introduced and their significance in governance and service delivery.
In this study, the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) examines technology initiatives – ICT initiatives in particular - that have enabled women to develop their economic potential, become stronger leaders and more effective contributors to their families, communities and domestic economies. Specifically, these efforts helped women increase their productivity, create new entrepreneurial ventures and launch income-generating pursuits. The report also offers innovators practical recommendations on how to design and deploy technologies that are critical to women’s economic advancement.
Listening and Healing in the Peruvian Amazon: An Assessment of Minga Peru’s Intercultural Radio Educative Project to Prevent and Control Domestic Violence and HIV/AIDS
This report assesses the Intercultural Radio Educative Project that was implemented in Peru between 2006 and 2008, by Minga Peru, a non-governmental organization, with support from UNIFEM.
This publication highlights the potential of world youth to harness ICTs and how the diverse and vast potential of ICTs can empower and simplify the launch of a global project on a local level. The publication was designed with two key objectives: The first is to showcase the efforts of individuals and groups who are inspiring a transformation of attitudes and actions to renew communities the world over; and the second is to pay tribute to the millions of young people serving as ‘change makers’ for their societies by implementing the ideas of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals in a myriad of ways.
ICTs for Democracy: Information and Communication Technologies for the Enhancement of Democracy - with a Focus on Empowerment
This report examines the potential of information and communications technologies (ICTs) for advancing democracy and empowerment, with a special focus on Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. Conducted by the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) in coordination with the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), the study documents evidence indicating that access to and the strategic use of ICTs help bring about economic development, poverty reduction, and democratization - including freedom of speech, the free flow of information, and the promotion of human rights.
The Impact of the BBC World Service Trust's Afghan Woman's Hour: Results from a National Survey in Afghanistan
This report is an evaluation of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) World Service Trust (WST) radio project Afghan Woman's Hour (AWH). Broadcast since January 2005, AWH seeks to empower women by broadcasting programming on gender issues in the two main languages of the region, Dari and Pashto. The report includes the results of a quantitative national survey conducted to measure the awareness and reach of AWH as well as to measure changes in knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported behaviours (practices) regarding key programme issues including gender equality, education, women and work, governance-related issues, and family life (e.g., forced marriage, domestic violence).
This book is in two parts. The first comprises the proceedings of the Global Forum of the United Nations ICT Task Force on “Promoting an Enabling Environment for Digital Development” held in November 2004. The second part is the result of ongoing work from the Working Groups of the UN ICT Task Force in the context of the MDGs.
Up-Scaling Pro-Poor ICT-Policies and Practices: A Review of Experience with Emphasis on Low Income Countries in Asia and Africa
This report looks at the use of ICT for poverty reduction and as its potential and limitations at the grassroots, national, and global levels. It identifies parallels and differences in the use of ICT for poverty reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa and low income countries of Asia.
Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals
The report’s unique approach lies in its use of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to measure and monitor the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on human development. The report examines country-specific experiences in China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam, and provides cross-country comparisons on the use of ICTs to achieve the MDGs.
National Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - India
This country report reviews and assesses progress made in India in drafting and implementing its national e-policies and e-strategies towards meeting its national development goals and the Millennium Development Goals.
National Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Sri Lanka
This country report analyzes the past accomplishments, current trends and future potential of information and communications technology (ICT) in pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals in Sri Lanka. It is based on a survey of Sri Lanka’s ICT initiatives and consultations with key stakeholders active in the development of ICT policies.
This study examines the interdependency between information and communication technologies (ICTs) and human development, and identifies ICT indicators for achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
Regional Human Development Report – Promoting ICT for Human Development in Asia 2004: Realising the Millennium Development Goals - Summary
This summary document, with a foreword by Sir Arthur C. Clarke, presents the essence of a pioneering attempt to assess the role of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in human development in Asia. It captures the rich variety of ICT initiatives in nine Asian countries (China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam) and draws lessons for identifying policy directions.
Upon invitation of the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), development practitioners and policy makers met in Chennai, India, from 17-19 November 2004, for a workshop to review experiences in Asia and Africa in the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for poverty reduction. The event was organised in coordination with the Global Knowledge Partnership (GKP), OneWorld South Asia and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). In order to provide an input into the preparatory processes of the World Summit of the Information Society (WSIS), Poverty Reduction Strategies and the Millennium+5 Summit, the participants decided to compile some key conclusions and recommendations in a statement. The purpose of the Chennai Statement is to stimulate the ICT debate from a clearly poverty-focused perspective.
The paper explores the role that ICTs can play in achieving the Millennium Development Goal of halving the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. It shows that there are four areas in which ICTs could have a positive impact for the eradication of hunger: production and distribution of food, the ability to acquire food, health and nutrition, and broader policy concerns. The paper concludes that although ICTs have a large potential to contribute to reducing the proportion of people who suffer from hunger, they are far from a panacea for nutritional problems.