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ICT4D

This page contains resources that provides an overview of a range of information and communications technology for development (ICT4D) issues.

e-Agriculture 10 Year Review Report

e-Agriculture 10 Year Review Report

The WSIS+10 e-agriculture Action Line review report, and the realizations of the e-Agriculture Community of Practice over the past 10 years, are a joint effort of FAO and partner organizations in the agricultural sector. This report is a comprehensive resource on the topic of ICTs in agriculture and rural development, not only covering achievements but also bringing together a large number of practical examples that have proven their effectiveness. But above all, this report enables us to look back, reflect of what has been done, learn lessons, identify challenges and upcoming trends as well as plan the use of ICTs into our future work in a more effective, sustainable and innovative way.

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Reference document on social media for disaster risk management

Reference document on social media for disaster risk management

A document for implementing or enhancing the use of social media for Disaster Risk Management purposes

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APCICT organizes the Consultation Meeting on Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI) National Implementation

APCICT organizes the Consultation Meeting on Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI) National Implementation

The Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development convened the Consultation Meeting on Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI) National Implementation on 5 - 7 October 2016.

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UN-APCICT organizes the Session on ICT Human Capacity Development for Resilience at the Technical Meeting on Resilient ICT Connectivity for the Knowledge Economy, SDGs and the WSIS Goals

The Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development organized the Session on ICT Human Capacity Development for Resilience during the Technical Meeting on Resilient ICT Connectivity for the Knowledge Economy, SDGs and the WSIS Goals on 21 September 2016.

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UN-APCICT releases two publications on Engaged Learning to promote linking classroom learning to development

UN-APCICT releases two publications on Engaged Learning to promote linking classroom learning to development

To advocate the engaged learning across the Asia-Pacific region, UN-APCICT launches two new publications – 1) Engaged Learning Toolkit for Faculty: Using ICTs for Community Development and 2) Engaged Learning Guidebook for Students: Using ICTs for Community Development.

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E-Government for Women's Empowerment in Asia and the Pacific

E-Government for Women's Empowerment in Asia and the Pacific

As governments transition towards e-government in Asia and the Pacific, there is growing acknowledgement of the role that e-government could play to harness ICTs for women’s empowerment and gender equality. However, much of e-government policy and implementation still do not take into account the differentiated access to, and impact of, technology for men and women. Recognizing the potential of e-government for women’s empowerment, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) undertook a project in 2014–2015 on “E-Government for Women’s Empowerment in the Asia Pacific”, in partnership with the United Nations Project Office on Governance (UNPOG). The project aims to enhance knowledge and awareness of good practices of gender-responsive policies, programmes and strategies in e-government, in order to help build the capacity of governments to harness this tool towards women’s empowerment.

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Coding for a Green UB: Fostering Civic Entrepreneurship and Green Growth Innovation in Mongolia

Coding for a Green UB: Fostering Civic Entrepreneurship and Green Growth Innovation in Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, has an ongoing problem: it’s regularly listed among the world’s most-polluted cities. On the other hand, it has a relatively young and tech-savvy population with high connectivity and smartphone penetration. Herein lies a unique opportunity.

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Microsoft 2015 Citizenship Report

Microsoft 2015 Citizenship Report

Microsoft reports annually on our citizenship priorities, commitments, and performance. The Microsoft 2015 Citizenship Report details Microsoft’s work during the last fiscal year to serve globally the needs of communities and fulfill our responsibilities to the public.

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Harnessing Science, Technology and Innovation for Inclusive and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific

Harnessing Science, Technology and Innovation for Inclusive and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific

Business as usual is not an option if the ambitions of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development are to be met. The scale and depth of the goals require a radically different and disruptive approach—the essence of innovation—along with significant scientific breakthroughs and technological advancements. Science, technology and innovation (STI) have the potential to increase the efficiency, effectiveness and impact of our efforts to meet the ambitions of the 2030 Agenda and create benefits for society, the economy and the environment. Despite consensus on the transformative potential of STI, there remains a lack of clarity on how best to effectively implement it for inclusive and sustainable development. To address this gap, ESCAP member States requested the ESCAP secretariat to provide guidance on harnessing the potential of STI. By explicitly including STI in both the Sustainable Development Goals and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, the United Nations has made a commitment to support countries in their efforts to harness STI for inclusive and sustainable development. The role of ESCAP, as the regional arm of the United Nations, is to cross-fertilize the vast regional experience and expertise and to facilitate knowledge sharing of sustainable innovation and technology solutions for collaborative action. For STI to be effectively implemented for inclusive and sustainable development, it is critical to first chart the practical steps needed for balanced and integrated development. This 2016 publication makes an important contribution to these deliberations.

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World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends

World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends

Digital technologies have spread rapidly in much of the world. Digital dividends—that is, the broader development benefits from using these technologies—have lagged behind. In many instances, digital technologies have boosted growth, expanded opportunities, and improved service delivery. Yet their aggregate impact has fallen short and is unevenly distributed. For digital technologies to benefit everyone everywhere requires closing the remaining digital divide, especially in internet access. But greater digital adoption will not be enough. To get the most out of the digital revolution, countries also need to work on the “analog complements”—by strengthening regulations that ensure competition among businesses, by adapting workers’ skills to the demands of the new economy, and by ensuring that institutions are accountable.

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National Workshop on Module 3 "e-Government Applications" in Indonesia

National Workshop on Module 3 "e-Government Applications" in Indonesia

The Academy programme was launched in Jakarta, Indonesia in March, 2009. Since then, national workshops have been consistently held in various regions in the country every year.

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Consultative Meeting on Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI)

The “Consultative Meeting on Women and ICT Frontier Initiative” (WIFI) convened on 14-15 April, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

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Gender-Sensitive Indicators for Media

Gender-Sensitive Indicators for Media

The Gender-Sensitive Indicators for Media (GSIM) seek to address this intersection of women’s empowerment and media development. Its main focus is on the equality and gender dimensions of social diversity in the media.

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Digital Media and Society: Implications in a Hyperconnected Era

Digital Media and Society: Implications in a Hyperconnected Era

The Digital Media and Society report is a main output of The World Economic Forum’s The Shaping the Future implications of Digital Media for Society project. The report explores our changing relationship with media, entertainment, and information, due to digitization and the implications this has on individuals and society. Digital Media and Society collates research and findings from phase one of the project, which launched at the Forum’s Annual Meeting 2016. It highlights (i) some key sociological and behavioural evolutions in individuals from increased use of digital media, entertainment and information, (ii) how these evolutions are impacting our private, public, and professional lives, and (iii) suggestions for individuals, and the public and private sectors, on how to foster positive implications of increased digital media use and address potential issues.

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INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS

Access to ICT is essential to business development and growth. This study assesses the need for and use of ICTs by women entrepreneurs in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Uzbekistan. The study exposes the gaps between ICTs and the development of women entrepreneurship within the context of legal and regulatory frameworks, policy and leadership coordination, financial services, business development support, capacity building and use promotion, and women’s participation in public dialogues. Finally, this work recommends ways to use ICTs to help women start and grow their own businesses.

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ICT for Development Contributing to the Millennium Development Goals

ICT for Development Contributing to the Millennium Development Goals

The aim of this paper is to create a publicly available resource that provides concise descriptions of selected infoDev ICT-for-development projects, and their impact on poverty. The paper first presents case studies of a cross-section of projects funded by the infoDev Core Program, followed by an in-depth analysis of the impact, and limits of those projects. The main criterion for selecting projects for case study analysis was to be as representative as possible of the various environments (political, economic, social, geographic) in which infoDev has been operating since its inception. An attempt was also made to provide a balanced sample relative to the success rate of the projects. Rather than selecting the "best projects," the authors, in consultation with the task managers of the projects, gave priority to those initiatives likely to offer the best lessons and knowledge about how to use ICT for development purposes. infoDev case studies show that the presence of a project champion enhances the success of a project (FOOD, Manobi, Voxiva, Fantsuam). The cases also demonstrate that technical and organization capacity can be built over the life of a project.

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Governing Cyberspace: A Road Map for Transatlantic Leadership

Governing Cyberspace: A Road Map for Transatlantic Leadership

Cybertechnologies are rapidly changing the international landscape, but leaders in government, business, and elsewhere are just beginning to understand the ramifications, both good and bad, of an interconnected digital world. Weak international governance of cyberspace stands in stark contrast to the accelerating pace of challenges. To shape the regimes that govern cyberspace to the advantage of generations to come, the United States and the European Union should forge a joint policy vision.

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Smart Cities Seoul: a case study

Smart Cities Seoul: a case study

The case study published on Seoul by ITU-T in its Technology Watch Report of February 2013, takes a balanced approach and focuses on a number of smart factors that help in better smart city management and is aimed at providing better quality of life to the citizens of Seoul. - See more at: http://www.smartcitiesassociation.org/showcase/case-studies/smart-city-seoul.html#sthash.mMwomTvo.dpuf

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The Ultimate Guide to Effective Data Collection

The Ultimate Guide to Effective Data Collection

This 30-page guide advises readers on how to improve the ways they collect data and includes practical, simple changes they can make at every stage of the survey process, with plenty of examples and case studies.

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SDG ICT Playbook: From Innovation to Impact

SDG ICT Playbook: From Innovation to Impact

The UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end extreme poverty in all forms create the framework for the global leaders to address global challenges over the next 15 years. Despite the progress on global challenges made in recent years, the power of technology has not yet been fully harnessed. Intel, NetHope, and the UN Foundation have developed an ICT playbook for the SDGs. The playbook looks in detail at the role of ICT as a tool to enable the new SDGs to impact and address these key global challenges. It identifies technology trends, opportunities and innovative case studies that global leaders can harness as they begin to strategize on how to implement the SDGs. The tech playbook was created based on many interviews with tech industry experts, NGO leaders, and government leaders.

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Women's Empowerment in the Digital Age: Implementing WSIS Outcomes and Agenda 2030

Women's Empowerment in the Digital Age: Implementing WSIS Outcomes and Agenda 2030

2015 is a landmark year for women's empowerment in multilateral and international fora. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which was adopted by UN Member States in September, identifies ICTs as key enablers of development and as an essential component of transformative solutions to meet today's development challenges. The catalytic power of ICTs for development is recognized as holding 'great promise for human progress' and cited specifically in 4 of the 17 goals and indicated as a cross cutting tool to be utilized for the achievement of all of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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Resilient pathways: the adaptation of the ICT sector to climate change

Resilient pathways: the adaptation of the ICT sector to climate change

The main objective of this report is to explore the impacts of climate change on the ICT sector and the potential for adaptation, while emphasizing the need for resilient pathways of action, enabling environments and new standards to foster the sector’s approach to adaptation.

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Using Big Data for the Sustainable Development Goals

Using Big Data for the Sustainable Development Goals

To provide concrete examples of the use of Big Data for monitoring the indicators associated with the Sustainable Development Goals.

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Measuring the Information Society Report 2015

Measuring the Information Society Report 2015

The Report, which has been published annually since 2009, features key ICT data and benchmarking tools to measure the information society, including the ICT Development Index (IDI). The IDI 2015 captures the level of ICT developments in 167 economies worldwide and compares progress made since the year 2010. The Report assesses IDI findings at the regional level and highlights countries that rank at the top of the IDI and those that have improved their position in the overall IDI rankings most dynamically since 2010. The Report features a review and quantitative assessment of the global ITU goals and targets agreed upon at the 2014 ITU Plenipotentiary Conference and included in the Connect 2020 Agenda. In addition, the Report will show the results of the ICT Price Basket (IPB) and present and analyse fixed- and mobile-broadband price data for around 180 economies. The report also includes a chapter looking into recent developments, opportunities and challenges of the Internet of Things (IoT).

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UN-APCICT organizes a consultation workshop on  ‘Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI)’ in Pakistan

UN-APCICT organizes a consultation workshop on ‘Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI)’ in Pakistan

UN-APCICT will conduct a consultation workshop on the ‘Women and ICT Frontier Initiative (WIFI)’ in Islamabad, Pakistan on 14-16 December.

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ICT based e-government services for rural development: a study of union information and service center (UISC) in Bangladesh

ICT based e-government services for rural development: a study of union information and service center (UISC) in Bangladesh

Access to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) has become increasingly important for economic, social and political aspects of any countries. However, the “digital divide” between urban and rural areas has introduced a significant gap in equally accessing information, mass communication and ICT, especially in developing countries like Bangladesh. This inequitable access has strong implication on productivity and economic growth of a country. Government of Bangladesh has introduced various ICT interventions to its rural and regional areas aiming at bridging the information access gap. Union Information and Service Centre (UISC) is one of those initiatives to bring opportunity for rural underprivileged communities to better access to ICT and information. However, no studies have been conducted to investigate UISC’s potentiality to offering access to ICT and information. The aim of this study was to investigate potential effect of UISC in the development of various socio-economic sectors in the vicinity of countryside of Bangladesh from actual beneficiary perspective. This study found that UISCs have opened a new window of opportunity for rural citizens in Bangladesh. It has the potential to empower rural communities to access information in various fields including agriculture, education, healthcare, and law. This study also found that most participants held positive view about the effectiveness and usability of various services available through the UISCs.

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The Influence of Higher Education Institutions on the Sustainability of ICT4D Initiatives in Underserved Communities

The Influence of Higher Education Institutions on the Sustainability of ICT4D Initiatives in Underserved Communities

ICTs should be used to narrow the digital divide that exists between advantaged and underserved communities. Given South Africa(SA)’s socio-economic legacy, higher education institutions(HEI) were tasked by Government to make social responsiveness a key principle of their mandate. This study identified factors hindering and promoting sustainability in ICT4D initiatives and analysed how HEIs influence the sustainability of such initiatives. A case study was conducted in a telecentre from an underserved community in Cape Town(SA). Through its findings, the study can promote the positive influence of HEIs on the sustainability of ICT4D initiatives and further increase the positive impact of these initiatives on the community.

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Myanmar e-Governance ICT Master Plan 2015: Final Report

Myanmar e-Governance ICT Master Plan 2015: Final Report

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar (Myanmar) has an opportunity to leapfrog its development trajectory, and effectively manage its geographical spread and socio-economic diversity using eGovernance. To enable a robust approach and plan for e-Governance, the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT) has been tasked with arriving at an eGovernance Master Plan for Myanmar. Towards this goal, ADB has engaged Infosys Limited (www.infosys.com) to develop the e-Governance Master Plan for Myanmar under a Technical Assistance grant. This study towards the development of the Master Plan used a combination of primary and secondary research (including study and comparison against global best practices) and engaged with various ministries, industry bodies, research institutions, bilateral and multilateral agencies, and local and international e-Governance and ICT experts to develop the Master Plan.

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ICT and the SDGs

ICT and the SDGs

Today, in advance of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly, where the UN Sustainable Development Goals are expected to be passed, Ericsson (NASDAQ: ERIC) and the Earth Institute at Columbia University, led by Professor Jeffrey Sachs, present key findings from new research "ICT and the Sustainable Development Goals." The research highlights how Information and Communications Technology (ICT), and in particular mobile technology, can help accelerate the achievement of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

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THE INTERNET OF THINGS: MAPPING THE VALUE BEYOND THE HYPE

THE INTERNET OF THINGS: MAPPING THE VALUE BEYOND THE HYPE

The Internet of Things—sensors and actuators connected by networks to computing systems—has received enormous attention over the past five years. A new McKinsey Global Institute report, The Internet of Things: Mapping the value beyond the hype, attempts to determine exactly how IoT technology can create real economic value. Our central finding is that the hype may actually understate the full potential—but that capturing it will require an understanding of where real value can be created and a successful effort to address a set of systems issues, including interoperability. To get a broader view of the IoT’s potential benefits and challenges across the global economy, we analyzed more than 150 use cases, ranging from people whose devices monitor health and wellness to manufacturers that utilize sensors to optimize the maintenance of equipment and protect the safety of workers. Our bottom-up analysis for the applications we size estimates that the IoT has a total potential economic impact of $3.9 trillion to $11.1 trillion a year by 2025. At the top end, that level of value—including the consumer surplus—would be equivalent to about 11 percent of the world economy (exhibit).

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Government Toolkit

Government Toolkit

Learn about best practices in public sector financial management and how your institution can lead the shift to digital payments. This toolkit is primarily for… - Tax Agency as well as Consultants Advising Government Agencies - Senior managers and/or strategic planners in your institution - None or limited prior knowledge of digital payments - Organizations’ who are ready in their early to mid-stage of their digitization journey - Working in an emergency market

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Mobile Money for the Unbanked Case Studies: Insights, best practices and lessons from across the globe

Mobile Money for the Unbanked Case Studies: Insights, best practices and lessons from across the globe

A compendium of case studies from the Mobile Money for the Unbanked Programme, discussing in detail many of the success stories and innovations from the mobile money industry.

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Women’s Rights Online: Translating Access into Empowerment

Women’s Rights Online: Translating Access into Empowerment

New research by the Web Foundation shows that the dramatic spread of mobile phones is not enough to get women online, or to achieve empowerment of women through technology. The study, based on a survey of thousands of poor urban men and women across nine developing countries*, found that while nearly all women and men own a phone, women are still nearly 50% less likely to access the Internet than men in the same communities, with Internet use reported by just 37% of women surveyed. Once online, women are 30-50% less likely than men to use the Internet to increase their income or participate in public life.

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What are the technology needs of developing countries?

What are the technology needs of developing countries?

The purpose of this flyer is to give technology stakeholders a snapshot of 12 key findings from the Third synthesis report on technology needs identified by Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention, which was prepared by the secretariat in 2013. By reading this flyer, stakeholders will: • Be informed of the technology needs of the developing countries that recently undertook technology needs assessments (TNAs); • Be made aware of technology action plans (TAPs) and project ideas prepared by developing countries, which are seeking support for implementation; • Develop a greater understanding of the TNA process and its results and understand how a TNA could be beneficial to their country. Finally, this flyer will allow stakeholders to further their understanding of how undertaking TNAs and supporting the results of the TNAs can enhance action on the development and transfer of technologies, therefore supporting enhanced action on climate change.

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Media in support of sustainable development and a culture of peace

Media in support of sustainable development and a culture of peace

Nowadays the rapidly growing use and impact of social media is changing the way people interact with the news media and vice-versa. This prompts discussion and debate about the role of this changing media landscape. All this coincides with the opportunity to examine how it relates to the agenda that will follow the Millennium Development Goals – to the Sustainable Development (SDGs). These were the factors that encouraged us to support the convening of 5 media in support of sustainable development and a culture of peace UNESCO the Global Media Forum in Indonesia in August 2014. Key discussions from the Global Media Forum are reflected in this publication, thereby allowing a wider public to engage with the debates about the importance of communication and the free flow of information in pursuit of social and human development.

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Emerging Trends in Environmental, Social, and Governance Data and Disclosure: Opportunities and Challenges

Emerging Trends in Environmental, Social, and Governance Data and Disclosure: Opportunities and Challenges

This paper argues that the social factors that have driven increased voluntary environmental, social, and governance (ESG) disclosure over the past three decades are sufficiently compelling to lead to mandated disclosure worldwide. Whether ESG data will then be fully integrated into corporate management and investment practices ultimately depends on the willingness of governments, stock exchanges, and the accounting profession—along with corporations, investors, consumers, and other members of society—to acknowledge the essential role these data can play in bringing about the alignment of market forces with society’s interests.

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Internet Governance and Online Freedom Publication Series

Internet Governance and Online Freedom Publication Series

This paper has shown that governments represent an entirely different type of governance regime that cannot easily coexist with a private sector-based, bottom up governance model based on open participation.

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Success stories on ICTs for Agriculture and Rural Development

Success stories on ICTs for Agriculture and Rural Development

This publication showcases a few case studies where innovative use of emerging technologies together with capacity development has brought about rich dividends. Digital Green’s experiences in knowledge sharing among rural communities to Nano Ganesh’s innovative use of technology in switching on irrigation pumps have the potential to contribute significantly to the livelihoods of farming communities.

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Internet Society 2015 Action Plan

Internet Society 2015 Action Plan

Together, the Internet Society Strategic and Operational Objectives, supported by focused initiatives and allocation of energies and resources, comprise a cohesive plan to advance the Internet Society mission through tangible outcomes that make a difference in the world. Each of these components is described in further detail in the following sections of this document. We understand that these elements provide a foundation and a framework for us, an organization and a community who passionately believe in the potential of the Internet. Now, we are obligated by our vision and our core beliefs to translate this plan into effective actions.

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Countering ISIS in Southeast Asia: The case for an ICT offensive

Countering ISIS in Southeast Asia: The case for an ICT offensive

The Perth USAsia Centre is proud to announce the launch of our new Strategic Insights Series with an excellent piece by Fergus Hanson, a non-resident fellow at the Brookings Institution. In Countering ISIS in Southeast Asia: The case for an ICT offensive, Fergus discusses the Islamic State's success in using social media and other communications technologies to recruit fighters from the Muslim communities in Southeast Asia and Australia. An array of laws, policing strategies, and intelligence resources are employed by governments in the region to intercept returning fighters, but Fergus says what's missing is a coordinated response aimed at disabling one of the Islamic State's most potent weapons: its use of communications technology.

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Revisiting CGNet Swara and its Impact in Rural India

Revisiting CGNet Swara and its Impact in Rural India

CGNet Swara is a voice-based platform for citizen journalism, launched in rural India in 2010. Since then, CGNet Swara has logged over 575,000 phone calls, over 6,900 published stories, and 287 reports of specific problems that were solved via the system. In this paper, we characterize the ongoing impact of CGNet Swara using a mixed-methods approach that includes 70 interviews with contributors, listeners, moderators, journalists, officials, and other actors. Our analysis also draws on the content of published posts, two focus groups, and a 9-day field immersion. Our results highlight personal narratives of the transformative benefits CGNet Swara has brought to rural communities. While the resolution of grievances is the most visible impact, we also uncover a diverse portfolio of other impacts connected to contributing and listening to the platform, as well as opportunities to further enhance impact. Our work contributes to the dialogue surrounding the impact of ICTD projects, especially those that span multiple years.

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Learning to Fix: Knowledge, Collaboration and Mobile Phone Repair in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Learning to Fix: Knowledge, Collaboration and Mobile Phone Repair in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Practices of technology repair in developing country contexts play crucial and often overlooked roles in supporting ICTD goals of access and sustainability. They also constitute complex and neglected sites of technical skill, knowledge, and learning. Building on original ethnographic fieldwork, this paper explores the explicit, tacit, and social knowledges that shape practice and expertise in the mobile phone repair markets of urban Bangladesh. We document forms of learning and collaboration central to the production and innovation of repair skills and knowledge, and show how these processes operate at the intersection of global knowledge flows and local efforts to access, contextualize and situate that knowledge. We conclude by arguing for repair as an underappreciated site of third-world technical practice and expertise, and reflecting on how ICTD research might better take such practices into account.

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Ethical Dilemmas in the Information Society: How Codes of Ethics Help to Find Ethical Solutions

Ethical Dilemmas in the Information Society: How Codes of Ethics Help to Find Ethical Solutions

Librarians and other information professionals are often confronted with ethical conflicts and dilemmas at their workplace. Although this is not a new phenomenon, information technology based on computers, digital media and the Internet has escalated the potential to violate the fundamental values related to library and information ethics enormously. To discuss these challenges and in particular the potential of codes of ethics in solving ethical conflicts and dilemmas FAIFE and globethics organized an IFLA-Satellite conference in August 2014 in Geneva.Information Ethics concerns the values and applications of how information is made, treated, organized, and made available for users. The articles in this publication reflect the work of several librarians from around the world who wish to define and develop the values they believe central to the work of an information specialist, and how best to apply those values to the professional lives of all information specialists.

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Understanding Public Perceptions of Immunisation Using Social Media

Understanding Public Perceptions of Immunisation Using Social Media

This project extracted and analyzed tweets related to vaccines and immunization in Indonesia. Findings included the identification of perception trends including concerns around religious issues, disease outbreaks, side effects and the launch of a new vaccine. This project was done in collaboration with the Ministry of Development Planning and the Ministry of Health in Indonesia, UNICEF, and WHO.

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Mapping the Risk-Utility Landscape of Mobile Data for Development & Humanitarian Action

Mapping the Risk-Utility Landscape of Mobile Data for Development & Humanitarian Action

This project assessed the impact that aggregating mobile data to protect privacy has upon the utility of the data for transportation planning and pandemic control and prevention. The proposed methodology allows for determining what level of data aggregation is the minimum required to adequately protect individual privacy while preserving its value for policy planning and crisis response. This project was done in collaboration with the MIT Connection Science.

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A Policymaker's Guide to Spurring ICT Adoption

A Policymaker's Guide to Spurring ICT Adoption

Policymakers around the world have been asking for years how to create “the next Silicon Valley.” This is understandable: in the digital economy, they see leadership in information and communications technologies (ICT) as the key to boosting competitiveness, spurring growth, and creating jobs. But while policymakers’ general instinct is right, their specific question is based on the wrong premise. Since the turn of the millennium, using ICT has created much more growth than producing ICT. This is good news for policymakers, because it is much easier to expand ICT use than it is to build the next Silicon Valley. This “pocket guide” provides a concise, easy-to-use road map for policymakers around the world, built around three themes: keeping prices low, keeping demand high, and strengthening key enabling factors across the public and private sectors.

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WSIS Forum 2015 Forum Track Outcome Document

WSIS Forum 2015 Forum Track Outcome Document

Building on the open consultation process, more than 150 sessions were held during the WSIS Forum 2015. The overall theme of the WSIS Forum 2015 this year was “Innovating Together: Enabling ICTs for Sustainable Development”. This provided a vibrant atmosphere for facilitation and exchange on a multistakeholder vision of the WSIS Process. An exhibition space provided the perfect atmosphere to network, learn and share .The commitment and dedication of the WSIS Stakeholders was evident from the outcomes submitted by the session organizers.

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International Migrant Workers’ Use of Mobile Phones to Seek Social Support in Singapore

International Migrant Workers’ Use of Mobile Phones to Seek Social Support in Singapore

International migrants often need social support to deal with an unfamiliar environment and reduce stress caused by prevailing attitudes in their host country, as well as that induced by distance and separation from their family. This study investigates whether mobile phones facilitate or inhibit migrants’ ability to seek the social support needed to reduce the stress they experience in their host country. Further, gender differences are examined and discussed. A quantitative survey of men (n 56), primarily Bangladeshis working in blue-collar occupations, and women (n 60), primarily Filipina domestics, was conducted in Singapore. For women, mobile use alleviated stress by increasing social support; emotional support had the greatest impact on their psychological well-being. Male migrant workers were more likely to experience stress the more they used their mobile phones and when receiving increased emotional support. We caution against treating immigrants as a homogeneous group, and recommend inclusion of variables such as gender to understand the role of technology-mediated social support in alleviating migrant stress. We further propose that policies and programs facilitating transnational communication for low-income migrants need to be examined carefully in terms of their unintended impacts.

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New Vision for Education: Unlocking the Potential of Technology

New Vision for Education: Unlocking the Potential of Technology

The New Vision for Education project examines the pressing issue of skills gaps and explores ways to address these gaps through technology. The key learnings include: Education needs to address the 21st-century skills fully in order to prepare students for the evolving job market Education gaps exist between the developed and developing world, and countries vary on their respective outcome on 21st-century skill performance Technology, once integrated holistically for targeted problems, has the potential to help education better address these gaps Multistakeholder approach is required to fully realize the potential of technology to innovate education for the future.

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Global Information Society Watch 2014  - Communications surveillance in the digital age

Global Information Society Watch 2014 - Communications surveillance in the digital age

Online surveillance, security and privacy are concerns that have been central to human rights activists for years – but with the recent revelations by former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor Edward Snowden of United States (US) government spying on citizens, the issues have reached global attention. This Global Information Society Watch tracks the state of communications surveillance in 57 countries across the world – countries as diverse as Hungary, India, Argentina, The Gambia, Lebanon and the United Kingdom. Each country report approaches the issue from a different perspective. Some analyse legal frameworks that allow surveillance, others the role of businesses in collecting data (including marketing data on children), the potential of biometrics to violate rights, or the privacy challenges when implementing a centralised universal health system. The perspectives from long-time internet activists on surveillance are also recorded. Using the 13 International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance as a starting point, eight thematic reports frame the key issues at stake. These include discussions on what we mean by digital surveillance, the implications for a human rights agenda on surveillance, the “Five Eyes” inter-government surveillance network led by the US, cyber security, and the role of intermediaries. These reports are published at a critical time: they show how rampant government surveillance is across the world, and how business is often complicit in this. They suggest action steps that civil society can take to push for a human rights framework for internet governance – and to expose what until now has remained hidden. GISWatch is published annually and is a joint initiative by the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) and the Humanist Institute for Development Cooperation (Hivos).

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UN-APCICT supports Pakistan’s efforts to strengthen e-government

On December 8-9, UN-APCICT will conduct an e-government workshop in Islamabad, Pakistan for 56 government officers and 40 mid-level provincial government officials to support the “Pakistan Vision 2025” development blueprint launched in August 2014, which aims to strengthen e-education, e-commerce, e-health and e-government in the country.

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UN-APCICT promotes capacity building in the use of ICT for inclusive and sustainable development

UN-APCICT promotes capacity building in the use of ICT for inclusive and sustainable development

On 25-28 November, UN-APCICT will hold the Regional Dialogue on ICTD Capacity Building for Sustainable Development and Annual Partners Meeting in Incheon, Republic of Korea.

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UN-APCICT presents on the role of social media in citizen engagement for urban development and growth

UN-APCICT presents on the role of social media in citizen engagement for urban development and growth

On November 5, UN-APCICT will make a presentation on the role that social media has in engaging citizens for urban development and growth at the 3rd WeGo General Assembly.

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UN strengthens ICT for inclusive and sustainable socio-economic development  in Asia-Pacific

UN strengthens ICT for inclusive and sustainable socio-economic development in Asia-Pacific

This week the United Nations pledged to broaden the reach of its ICT capacity building programmes and services through the Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT).

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UN-APCICT participates in the Fourth Session of ESCAP Committee on Information and Communication Technologies

UN-APCICT participates in the Fourth Session of ESCAP Committee on Information and Communication Technologies

UN-APCICT participates in the Fourth Session of the Committee on Information and Communications Technology (ICT), held on 14-16 October at the United Nations Conference Centre in Bangkok, Thailand.

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9th Session of UN-APCICT’s Governing Council convenes in Bangkok, Thailand on 15 October 2014

9th Session of UN-APCICT’s Governing Council convenes in Bangkok, Thailand on 15 October 2014

The United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT) will organize the 9th Session of its Governing Council in Bangkok, Thailand on 15 October.

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UN-APCICT participates in conference on the use of innovative internet for research and education in Almaty, Kazakhstan on 1-2 October 2014

UN-APCICT participates in conference on the use of innovative internet for research and education in Almaty, Kazakhstan on 1-2 October 2014

UN-APCICT participates in the First CAREN Regional Networking Conference on “Innovative Internet for Researchers and Higher Education” at Turan University in Almaty, Kazakhstan to raise awareness on the role of capacity development and promote ICTD education in higher education.

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UN-APCICT supports e-government capacity building for civil servants from 9 countries

UN-APCICT supports e-government capacity building for civil servants from 9 countries

UN-APCICT conducts a workshop on e-Government for 15 government officials from 9 countries from around the world to enhance their understanding on the different ways in which ICT can be applied for improving the delivery of public services and governance.

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UN-APCICT publishes guidebook on social media tools in government

UN-APCICT publishes guidebook on social media tools in government

Last week UN-APCICT launched its publication “Getting Started with Social Media Tools in Government” a practical guide that presents “how-to” steps for setting and managing social media tools and technologies in government.

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Module 9 ICT for Disaster Risk Management in Chinese

Module 9 ICT for Disaster Risk Management in Chinese

This module provides government officials and policymakers with an overview of disaster risk management (DRM) and presents an approach for identifying information needs in DRM. It then matches the needs with ICT. The module also describes and provides examples of existing ICT applications for DRM and discusses benefits and barriers for utilizing ICT in DRM.

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Exploring the Promise of Information and Communication Technologies for Women Farmers in Kenya

Exploring the Promise of Information and Communication Technologies for Women Farmers in Kenya

This case study examines the information channels and use of ICTs by men and women farmers around Nakuru and Thika in Kenya. It contributes to a growing body of literature that aims to understand how ICTs can close gender gaps in agriculture and lead to more equitable opportunities for farmers.

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Unlocking the Potential: Women and Mobile Financial Services in Emerging Markets

Unlocking the Potential: Women and Mobile Financial Services in Emerging Markets

Mobile financial services (MFS) are emerging rapidly in the developing world, with over 150 mobile money deployments live and over 110 more planned worldwide at present. Markets such as Tanzania, Bangladesh and Pakistan are realizing success and are potentially able to replicate the widespread adoption of Safaricom’s M-PESA service in Kenya. Others are still works-in-progress, finding mass adoption and scale elusive. Meanwhile, mobile operators, financial institutions, governments, and other service providers are figuring out how to build attractive and user-friendly services, distribution networks and marketing approaches to embed MFS into their national infrastructures with viable, long term business models. A consistently overlooked theme in these discussions has been women, including their wants and needs for and use of mobile financial services, as well as their critical role in the success of any mobile financial services deployment. This is not a surprise: as the GSMA mWomen Programme notes, there is a gender gap in terms of women’s ownership and use of mobile services generally. Despite the proven role women’s financial inclusion can play in advancing economic development and empowerment, and despite the role mobile might play (in 2012, an estimated 1.7 billion people had a mobile phone but not a bank account), the linkages between women’s financial inclusion and mobile financial services thus far have not been illuminated and elevated for discussion. The objective of this report is to connect these dots in the context of the developing world, based on findings and insights from the experience of women in five countries at different stages of MFS market development: Indonesia, Kenya, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, and Tanzania.

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Empowering Women Entrepreneurs through Information and Communications Technologies - A Practical Guide

Empowering Women Entrepreneurs through Information and Communications Technologies - A Practical Guide

The promotion of micro and small-scale enterprises (MSEs) has been recognized as an important strategy for advancing the economic empowerment of women while reducing poverty and gender inequality. Women entrepreneurs are offered new opportunities by ICTs to start and grow businesses. Through new as well as traditional forms of ICTs, women entrepreneurs are reaching out to customers, becoming more efficient and building businesses in ways they could not do before. This guide has been produced by UNCTAD in collaboration with the ILO to help bring clarity to some of the key underlying ICT dynamics that are of relevance for women's entrepreneurship and to set out a method for conducting an assessment which integrates these dimensions. It aspires to serve as a comprehensive and valuable resource to support the formulation of evidence-based policies empowering women entrepreneurs through ICTs and to make possible the full leveraging of the potential and capacities of women entrepreneurs in particular in developing countries.

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Women in Agriculture: A Toolkit for mobile service practitioners

Women in Agriculture: A Toolkit for mobile service practitioners

Delivering mobile-enabled agricultural services (‘mAgri services’) to women in developing countries is a major market opportunity for the mobile industry that also offers substantial social benefits. The mAgri services market is nascent but growing—GSMA has tracked 106 active, global deployments by mobile network operators (MNOs) and third party providers. Women working in agriculture account for an estimated 556 million potential users globally, but are underserved as a unique customer segment. The GSMA mWomen and mAgri programmes have produced the Mobile Agricultural Services Toolkit as a guide for mobile operators, other mobile providers, and development practitioners to better serve women in this segment. It includes recommendations and tools for each stage of the product development process, as well as examples of good practices. The products and services in question include value-added services (information, advisory, matchmaking, or other), mobile financial services, and basic services (voice, SMS, and data) delivered via mobile phone. While the focus is broadly on Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia, the framework may also be applied to other developing regions.

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Information and Communications Technologies - An Agent of Social Change for Rural Women in Odisha

Domestic responsibilities, cultural restrictions on mobility, lesser economic power as well as lack of relevance of content to their lives, marginalize women from the information sector. The present paper focuses on key questions and concerns on the use and accessibility of ICT and the potential that it possesses to transform the position of women in the Indian society, more specifically in Odisha. The questions range from who are the ‘real’ beneficiaries of ICT? Who is monopolizing the course of ICT? Is there an opportunity (or possibility) to bind ICT to dole out bigger and definitely significant goals of equality and justice? More importantly, the prime concern that this paper raises is the issue of gender and women’s equal right to access, use and shape ICT.

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False dawn, window dressing or taking integrity to the next level? Governments using ICTs for integrity and accountability

This article explores the challenges of fighting corruption and presents some ideas on how to start addressing them through the use of ICT. Section 1 sets the scene by providing a brief overview of how pervasive, serious and difficult to fix the problem of corruption is. Section 2 gives a sense of the very exuberant hopes and expectations that ride on new information and communication technologies to evolve into a game-changer in the fight against corruption. Chapter 3 describes the immense scale and scope of governmental ambitions to deploy ICTs for deep reforms of political and administrative systems. It then zooms in on four concrete application areas where corruption risks are particularly rife and detrimental and where governments are particularly focused on deploying ICT solutions with the express (although not exclusive) aim to tackle corruption. These four areas are electronic reforms in public procurement, judicial case management, tax administration and ID card systems. For each of these areas, examples of technology applications, a first overview of the empirical evidence base on impact and the status of related advocacy and monitoring by civil society are discussed. This section also summarises this first scan of evidence and engagement, arriving at a mixed picture. Some early positive evidence confirms a beneficial potential, yet other studies and lessons from technology adoption more broadly point to high risks of failure or inefficacy.

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Assessing the Impact of E-Government:A Study of Projects in India

Assessing the Impact of E-Government:A Study of Projects in India

This paper reports the development of an assessment methodology that could be used in developing countries to justify investments in e-government, as well as to establish a performance benchmark for future projects. This framework identifies key stakeholders, dimensions on which the impact needs to be measured, and a methodology of measurement. Client value is measured primarily in two dimensions: 1) cost to the client of accessing services, and 2) perception by the client of quality of service and governance. In a limited way, the anancial cost- beneat impact to the agency implementing the project is also studied. The paper takes India as its example location for application of the framework, presenting assessment results from eight e-government projects which estimate the difference between client ratings of computerized and (earlier) manual systems. Clients indicated an overwhelming preference for computerized service delivery, with reports of fewer journeys, less waiting time, and some reduction in corruption (marginal in places).

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Application of ICTs For Climate Change Adaptation in the Water Sector: Developing country experiences and emerging research priorities

Application of ICTs For Climate Change Adaptation in the Water Sector: Developing country experiences and emerging research priorities

Information and communications technologies (ICTs) have proven useful in tailoring responses to situations arising out of the climate-water nexus. ICTs have emerged as a strong way to understand water security challenges. They are increasingly being adopted as key decision support mechanisms for adapting to climate change effects in the developing world. However, ICTs must not be considered simply a panacea for water security. Rather, they are tools that can be smartly used in developing appropriate responses to problems in the water climate change arena. The focus of this reports compilation is how information and communications technologies (ICTs) can be used to help communities in developing countries facing water stress adapt to climate change.

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Analysing South Korea's ICT for Development Aid Programe

Since the year 2000, there has been a significant growth in the ICT4D component of South Korea's aid programme. Given Korea's ICT capabilities and demands for ICT4D support from developing nations, this may make good sense. This paper, though, analyses a little deeper, starting to ask some initial questions about underlying perspectives and actual performance. It provides an overview of ICT4D expenditure levels, programmes, and key actors. It then reflects field data to date, which suggests some question marks over Korea's telecentre projects, some potential inequity in impacts, and a focus on Korean production of ICT goods and services. It analyses Korean ICT4D in terms of some basic concepts to find it associated with technological-determinism and techno-optimism, with the modernisation paradigm, with tied aid, and with the potential for creating dependency. However, Korea may not be unique among ICT4D actors in this and, in some ways, its techno-optimism may be a useful counter to the techno-pessimism that seems to have infected some Western donors. It concludes by noting some recommendations for Korea's ICT4D programme, and reflecting that Korea may be representative of a wider new wave of ICT4D donors such as India and China which may not follow quite the same line as Western donors.

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A Study on the Identification of Cutting-Edge ICT-Based Converging Technologies

It is becoming increasingly difficult to identify promising technologies due to the influx of new technologies and the high level of complexity involved in many of these technologies holds the key to finding new sources of economic growth and forward momentum. The goal of this study is to identify cutting-edge ICT-based converging technologies by examining the latest trends in the US patent market. Analyzing the US patent market, the most competitive of such markets in the world, can yield certain clues about which of the ICT-based converging technologies may be the next revolutionary technologies. For a classification of these technologies, this study follows the International Patent Classification system. As for ICT, there are 58 related fields at the subclass level and 831 fields at the main-group level. For emerging and converging technologies, there are 75 at the main-group level. From these technologies, a final selection for cutting –edge ICT-based converging technologies is made using a composite index reflecting the converging coefficient, emerging coefficient, and technology impact index.

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A New Way to Communicate with Residents: Local Government Use of Social Media to Prepare for Emergencies

Cities and counties are experienced in emergency preparation, but not with social media. While the overall trend of social media use has grown, local governments have been much slower to embrace this new technology. This paper explores how six local governments in the United States (Evanston, Illinois; Johnson County, Kansas; Moorhead, Minnesota; Fort Bend County, Texas; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Alexandria, Virginia) use social media to prepare for and respond to emergencies.

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Agricultural information networks, information needs and risk management strategies: a survey of farmers in Indo-Gangetic Plains of India

Agricultural information networks, information needs and risk management strategies: a survey of farmers in Indo-Gangetic Plains of India

Access to reliable, timely and relevant information can help significantly and in many ways to reduce farmers’ risk and uncertainty, empowering them to make good decisions. However, whether or not this access leads to impact often depends on issues related to markets, institutions, policies and resource availability. Several studies have shown that the wide availability and multiple sources of information have not significantly changed farmers’ behavior towards new technologies and information - a fact that is often attributed to a lack of knowledge or understanding of farmers’ perspectives and needs on the part of information providers. The main objective of the study was to identify the information needs of farmers that would enable them manage risk in the wheat, maize and rice cropping systems in Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) and also analyze the factors that impact the selection of information sources by farming households.

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ICT for Data Collection and Monitoring and Evaluation

ICT for Data Collection and Monitoring and Evaluation

This study was developed to assist development practitioners in assessment and selection of information and communication technology (ICT) applications for monitoring and evaluation in rural projects, specifically in agriculture and forestry, with an emphasis on mobile technology for data collection. Particularly in highly decentralized projects, data collection can be challenging, and the large number of options and specific project needs makes selecting technology a challenge. This report was developed in response to an identified need for development practitioners to be able to stay current with changing technology and identify appropriate avenues for assessing and selecting technology to support monitoring and evaluation (M&E) as well as project outcomes. The report proposes guidance in selecting and applying technology for data collection and monitoring and evaluation through the lens of agriculture and forestry projects. It is designed to be a deep-dive, operational piece that tackles how governments and development practitioners can use ICT to enhance their data collection and M&E efforts in rural development projects and programs.

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Getting Started with Social Media Tools in Government

Getting Started with Social Media Tools in Government

'Getting Started with Social Media Tools in Government' is a supplement to UN-APCICT’s Module 11 of the Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders on 'Social Media for Development.' This publication is a practical guide that presents “how-to” steps for setting and managing social media tools and technologies in government. It aims to provide government officials with a basic understanding of the functions of common social media to enable them to utilize social media for the improvement of the delivery of public services and governance processes.

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Mobile Access - The last mile

This report analysis the status of mobile technology in the world, acknowledging that despite the growth and increasing pervasiveness of mobile networks over the last decade, there is still a section of the population with minimal or no coverage. There have also been experimentswith alternative connectivity technologies backed and promoted by big internet players. So far, these alternative technologies appear to be targeting potential use cases to expand connectivity beyond existing mobile infrastructure to help drive socio-economic impact in emerging markets — such as expanding internet access to remote rural regions and disaster response zones.

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Four things policy-makers need to know about social media data and real time analytics

The retention and protection of social media data has attracted renewed attention from policy-makers in the UK and across the EU. Having studied the complexity of how social media data operate in contexts of crisis, Ella McPherson provided evidence to a select committee on what lessons can be learned on the ethical and methodological complications of social media analysis. The summary point in this blog post form a cautionary tale about the range of issues related to the government analysing social media information.

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ICT–Enabled Rural Education in India

This paper gives ideas to improve the rural education through ICTs, especially the computer-related technologies. It also aims to provide some suggestions for effective implementation of the national policy for ICT in education in rural areas in India.

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Barriers to Utilizing ICT for Educational Purposes in Jordan

This study explores the barriers to utilizing information and communication technologies for teaching and learning in Jordan as seen by the different involve d stakeholders: students, teachers, and administrators. The paper investigates these barriers through an interpretative case study which is the Jordanian Education Initiative (JEI) and uses the technology-to-performance chain model (TPC) as a conceptual research framework. Fifteen barriers were identified based on this qualitative research; twelve of them can be directly attributed to utilization factors proposed by the TPC model which were also viewed as barrier factors (expected consequences and affect toward use, habit, social norms, and facilitating condition); significant number of identified barriers can be related to “facilitating conditions” which puts more responsibility on the ministry of education to offer more resources and opportunities to facilitate the process of integrating technology into education in Jordan . Despite the notion that these barriers will be always present, the paper calls for more institutional support for the JEI and more technical training for the teachers.

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ICT as a Tool for Accessing Medical Content and Knowledge in Local Languages: Sri Lanka’s Perspective

Most health care professionals in Sri Lanka use ICT for acquiring knowledge, but the use of ICT by the general public for accessing health care information is till at a very low level, although the Government has spent millions of rupees in developing ICT infrastructure all over the island. To address the needs of developing content and application relevant to the Sri Lankan domain, the e-society programme, ICT Agency of Sri Lanka rolled out a two pronged grant mechanism through which partnerships were established several CBOs, NGOs as well as state and private sector organizations. This paper will discuss and review the how ICT agency of Sri Lanka help in developing local language content related to medical information and how it has been facilitate access to general public.

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UN-APCICT supports ICTD human capacity building in Myanmar

UN-APCICT supports ICTD human capacity building in Myanmar

On 14-24 July UN-APCICT conducted a two-week customized capacity building workshop on ICT for development (ICTD) for 33 senior government officials in Pyin Oo Lwin, Upper Myanmar with the collaboration of Union Civil Service Board of Myanmar.

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Royal Institute of Management of Bhutan strengthens human capacity in the use of social media for development

Royal Institute of Management of Bhutan strengthens human capacity in the use of social media for development

On 26-27 June, UN-APCICT’s national partner, the Royal Institute of Management of Bhutan, organized a workshop for 29 mid-level civil servants and private sector employees in Thimpu, Bhutan to support the country’s efforts to build its human capacity on the use of information and communication technology (ICT) for development.

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UN-APCICT enhances disaster risk reduction human capacity building efforts in the Philippines

UN-APCICT enhances disaster risk reduction human capacity building efforts in the Philippines

On 11-12 July, UN-APCICT held a two-day workshop in Malaybalay City, Philippines, on the use of ICT for disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change and green growth.

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UN-APCICT supports Nepal’s efforts to enhance ICTD human capacity

UN-APCICT supports Nepal’s efforts to enhance ICTD human capacity

To support the Nepalese Government’s human capacity building efforts on the use of ICTs for development, on 7 July, UN-APCICT launched the Academy of ICT Essentials for Government Leaders in Kathmandu Nepal.

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UN leverages power of social media for development in Asia-Pacific

UN leverages power of social media for development in Asia-Pacific

Recognizing the need to leverage social media for socio-economic development, the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Centre for Information and Communication Technology for Development (UN-APCICT/ESCAP) held a regional workshop on Social Media for Development on 30 June - 2 July, in Incheon, Republic of Korea.

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UN-APCICT partners with organizations in China to improve disaster risk management human capacity

UN-APCICT partners with organizations in China to improve disaster risk management human capacity

On 16 June, UN-APCICT officially launched the Chinese version of its module on ICT for disaster risk management at the Metropolis Public Security and Emergency Management International Conference, organized IAEM and the Shanghai Administration Institute in Shanghai, China.

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Social Influence in Mobile Phone Adoption: Evidence from the Bottom of the Pyramid in Emerging Asia

This article attempts to quantitatively measure the various influences on mobile phone adoption at the bottom of the pyramid (BoP) in Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Thailand. Based on an existing theoretical framework, adoption is modeled by fitting a logit model to a large sixcountry dataset. The study finds evidence for the importance of social influence in mobile adoption in two modes: one that exerts pressure on individuals to adopt, and another that helps to generate benefits via social networks that are tied in with economic and business networks. The article elaborates on the resulting social policy implications for using mobile telephone services to fight poverty at the BoP in these and similar countries.

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Mobile Phones and Rural Livelihoods: Diffusion, Uses, and Perceived Impacts Among Farmers in Rural Uganda

To successfully use mobile phones to aid development efforts, understanding the impact of the social structure on mobile phone adoption, uses, perceived impacts, and reinvention of uses is invaluable. Interviews were conducted with 90 mobile phone-owning holders of small- to medium-sized farms—50 women and 40 men—actively involved in agricultural development-based farm groups in Kamuli District, Uganda. Respondents indicated use of the mobile phone for coordinating access to agricultural inputs, market information, to monitor ªnancial transactions, and to consult with agricultural experts. Over time, the number and variety of agricultural uses increased among all users, indicating that adoption occurs for a few key purposes, but that uses will be added or reinvented to ªt changing needs. This study identiªed a number of unique uses, including storing local market trends in the calendar, using the speakerphone function for group consultation with agricultural experts, and taking photos of agricultural demonstrations.

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Mobiles for Agricultural Development

The objective of this study is to provide an overview of the current trend in m-Agri Apps development and to answer the question of how to improve information provisioning to smallholder farmers. It also aims to translate this knowledge into success factors, weaknesses, and opportunities for global cooperation and explore ways to share expertise on entrepreneurship in the domain of agro, food and ICT, and to identify possibilities to catalyse the development of mobile applications in smallholder agriculture.

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UN-APCICT promotes engaged learning in universities across Asia-Pacific

UN-APCICT promotes engaged learning in universities across Asia-Pacific

Over 100 participants from more than 20 countries came together in Selangor, Malaysia for the three-day event held from 3 to 5 June as part of a series of UN-APCICT activities promoting students’ engagement in community development.

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Indian e-Government Project led by Dr. Rajendra Kumar, chairman of UN-APCICT’s 8th Governing Council wins United Nations Public Service Awards

Indian e-Government Project led by Dr. Rajendra Kumar, chairman of UN-APCICT’s 8th Governing Council wins United Nations Public Service Awards

The project Mobile Seva led by Dr. Rajendra Kumar, Joint Secretary of the Department of Electronics and IT of the Government of India and chairman of UN-APCICT’s 8th Governing Council, has been awarded the United Nations Public Service Award.

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Children, ICT and Development - Capturing the potential, eeting the challenges

This report explores the ways in which information and communication technologies (ICTs) can contribute to efforts towards meeting child-focused development goals. The diffusion of ICTs has been highly uneven, and it is clear that digital divides not only trace but can also further deepen existing social divides, between income-rich and income-poor, between urban and rural dwellers, between women and men, and girls and boys. The report therefore supports UNICEF in efforts to further develop and disseminate good practice regarding ICT4D and children. The pioneering research process consisted of a review of relevant literature and in-depth interviews with 35 experts in the field connecting ICT4D with child-focused development, thus providing one of the most comprehensive overviews of the subject to date. The literature review focuses on the topics of extreme poverty, maternal and child health, nutrition, access to education, governance and accountability, and eParticipation, children and the internet. This provides a foundation for the eight analytical themes, which are grounded in the expert interviews with practitioners, policy makers and academics.

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ICT 4 the MDGs? A Perspective on ICTs’ Role in Addressing Urban Poverty in the Context of the Millennium Development Goals

This article assesses ICTs’ role in reaching the goals, with an emphasis on urban poverty. Over the lifespan of the MDGs, debate about ICTs and development has grown. On one side are those who see ICTs as enabling rapid growth and citizen empowerment; on the other side are those who warn that “technical fixes” cannot overcome the historic and structural causes of poverty. In this article, using the organizing framework of the eight MDGs, these debates are discussed by reviewing examples of ICT projects that aim to further the goals’ realization. Many of these projects suggest that ICTs are useful, particularly with respect to increasing information and enhancing services, a common theme throughout this article. However, the article also raises critical queries about the allure of “technology-boosterism.” These range from questioning the measurable impact and sustainability of ICT4D to the vision of development embedded in ICT4D and whether new technologies can subvert the underlying causes of global poverty. Our article shows that, while ICTs can be enablers for developmental processes, we must listen to communities in poverty when deciding how ICTs should feature in the post-2015 agenda.

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Introducing Internet-Based Services in the Mountain Areas of Nepal: An Asset Pentagon Perspective

Information and communication technology for development (ICT4D) projects can only be considered successful if they lead to some kind of individual, social, or economic development. The benefits of introducing ICT4D projects in developing countries are yet to be realized, particularly those introduced in mountainous and remote areas. This study addresses this knowledge gap by analyzing the Nepal Wireless Networking Project from the mountain areas in Nepal using the assets pentagon model (APM). The main contributions of this work are threefold: First, it illustrates and discusses the use and usefulness of introducing APM, addressing the call for more clarity as to how ICT4D projects add to development. Second, it expands the research knowledge of the relationships among various capital assets. Finally, it reports on an ICT4D project from the mountain areas of Nepal, representing a country and an area that have been scarcely reported in our research community.

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Effects of Education and ICT Use on Gender Relations in Bhutan

Supporting gender equality in the deployment of and access to information and communication technologies (ICTs) involves accepting that gender relations and ICTs within any given community are continuously being shaped by one another. There is a growing body of research on gender and ICTs in the developing world. However, little empirical evidence exists on how certain aspects of gender relations can influence the ways that ICTs are perceived and used, framings which can, in turn, reinforce or reshape existing gender norms and practices. This article examines the relationships that exist between gendered access to education and the ways in which mobile phones, fixed phones, and the Internet are perceived and used in a rural and an urban Bhutanese community. The findings, organized by levels of literacy, reveal similar patterns in ICT perceptions and use across the two communities.

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Disaster Management, Developing Country Communities & Climate Change: The Role of ICTs

Climate change presents two types of disaster threat in developing countries. One is the potentially devastating impact on vulnerable communities of more frequent and more intense extreme weather events. This contributes to the second threat, the compounding of what are already complex development problems leading to a potential downward development spiral for the world’s poor. Effective disaster response demands rapid access to reliable and accurate data and the capacity to assess, analyse and integrate information from varied sources. ICTs can contribute to improve this. This paper focuses on the role of ICTs in reducing the impacts of acute climate-related events. It discusses the centrality of the community in effective disaster management, while acknowledging the important role of governments, donors, businesses, epistemic communities and NGOs. Some ICT applications in hydrometeorological disasters are described. In spite of the concerns regarding dependency and unsustainability raised by the fact that majority of applications are funded externally, the paper argues there are grounds for optimism.

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Digital and Other Poverties: Exploring the Connection in Four East African Countries

Although improved access to ICT has been put forward as a possible pathway from poverty, the mechanisms by which this takes place remain unclear. This is partly due to the need to further develop the conceptual and methodological tools necessary for such analysis. This article suggests a way in which indicators of multidimensional poverty can be incorporated into the analysis of access to ICT. Using data from four countries in East Africa, households without ICT are found to be poorer in all dimensions than those with ICT. A multivariate analysis shows the associations between these dimensions of poverty and ICT access, revealing the importance of human and ªnancial capitals. The use of digital poverty and the inclusion of multidimensional measures of poverty improve the estimation of the predictors of ICT access, and conversely, are likely to be important for future attempts to measure the impact of ICT on poverty reduction.

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Empowering Women Through ICT-Based Business Initiatives: An Overview of Best Practices in E-Commerce/E-Retailing Projects

Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been increasingly promoted as a key solution for comprehensive development, poverty eradication and the empowerment of historically disadvantaged groups, such as women and minorities in the Global South. ICT-based business initiatives, and e-commerce projects in particular, have been hailed as “potential goldmines" for women’s empowerment. However, research and experience show that to be successful, projects must balance the need to overcome structural barriers to women’s advancement with sensitivity to the limited space within which many women in the Global South navigate. In this paper, we review literature on ICT and empowerment of women, drawing upon several e-commerce/e-retailing projects as case studies to identify a set of best practices that underlie a successful project. We anticipate that the insights generated by this study will be useful both for purposes of effective program development and policy design.

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Information Systems Innovation in the Humanitarian Sector

With the increase in humanitarian crises and consequent aid, there is greater demand for evidence of the effectiveness and accountability of aid. Information Systems (ISs) are critical for emergency response and humanitarian operations in fulfilling these demands, but also because the consequences of having or not having timely and accurate data are usually life and death. IS innovation in the context of the humanitarian sector highlights the need for contextbased approaches to innovation. This article explores the process of improvement, development, and implementation of an international development organization’s logistics and supply chain system in Chad. Actor-network theory provides the framework for making sense of this IS.

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Uses of Mobile Phones in Post- Conflict Liberia

Liberia is a country emerging from years of protracted and devastating civil conflict. Left without any fixed-line telephone infrastructure, it relies solely on the mobile phone for telephony. This study investigates the usage of mobile phones in this immediate post-conflict setting. In particular, it adopts the uses and gratifications approach to media research, giving focus to both instrumental and intrinsic motivations for use. 85 mobile phone users were surveyed and experts from two major service providers and the industry regulator were interviewed. Users were interviewed using the Q methodology, which identified distinct perspectives within these urban and rural groups. These identified perspectives included sets of users who saw their phones as productivity enhancers, means of connectivity to family and friends, essential business tools, technological curiosities, and sources of personal security. The idea of a phone as a stylish object was markedly rejected, especially in rural areas. Expert interviews confirmed and supplemented these findings. Results were compard with previous work from Kigali, Rwanda, finding differences especially as related to security.

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UN-APCICT organizes e-Government workshop for Nigerian government officials

UN-APCICT organizes e-Government workshop for Nigerian government officials

On 27 May 2014, the United Nations Asian and Pacific Training Center for ICT for Development (UN-APCICT) conducted a one-day workshop on e-Government for government officials and experts from Nigeria.

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